PNM IRP 2014 final report

First posted
Monday July 21, 2014 14:19
Wedsday November 12, 2014 07:54

1 7/8 pounds. Hahaha.

Saddam Hussein Born: April 28, 1937, Al-Awja, Iraq

William Payne Born: June 11, 1937, Bismarck, ND, USA



Final report here.

Why wasn't it emailed? $5.32 spent to send it on July 10, 2014

It's not bad writing.
That's the way they think.

George Pettibone, ca 1958-9
Whitman College

7: Be Brief. Hemingway was contemptuous of writers who, as he put it, “never learned how to say no to a typewriter.”
In a 1945 letter to his editor, Maxwell Perkins, Hemingway writes:

It wasn't by accident that the Gettysburg address was so short. The laws of prose writing are as immutable
as those of flight, of mathematics, of physics.

[Hemingway Key West home video July 13, 2014]

Sorry for the long response. I didn't have time to write a shorter one.

bill bonner

Tuesday November 11, 2014 15:03

"122,850 panels capable of generating enough electricity for 3,500 average residential customers" is questionable.
PNM solar station nears completion.

PNM solar station nears completion New Mexico's largest electric provider says work on its newest solar-powered generating station is expected to be done by the end of the year. ...

PNM officials say solar panels are now being installed at the Meadow Lake Solar Energy Center in Valencia County. Once complete, the 9.1-megawatt solar farm will have an estimated 122,850 panels capable of generating enough electricity for 3,500 average residential customers. ...

The utility already has eight solar centers in operation and has proposed to build four more next year.

Nov. 11, 2014

Thursday October 30, 2014 07:49

After Fukushima, Japan gets green boom _ and glut

The utilities say they can't accommodate the flood of newcomers to the green energy business, throwing in doubt the future of Japan's up-to-now aggressive strategy on renewable energy. Another challenge is that supplies of power from sources such as solar are not reliable enough or easily stored.

Saturday September 6, 2014 07:40

Peoplenomics Saturday September 6, 2014.
"George, my kid works for [redacted to a power company in a 'square state"]. He is at one of the power plants.

Coal burning. It's been outfitted with the latest scrubbing equipment. Generally 90 days of coal is kept at the plant, 180 days of coal is not unusual.

The last several months, BNSF Railroad, which delivers the coal to his plant, has started shipping oil fracked in Utah or somewhere to the gulf and cut coal shipments way back.  ...

So, the [redacted] power plants in the [redacted] area presently have less than one weeks worth the coal. BNSF is paying the damages for not supplying coal as contracted and making a ton more shipping oil instead.

What is really cool about this is besides the increased chance of food shortages due to lack of shipping, the most important thing is that the power plants may have to shut down, and this is where it really gets interesting.

The EPA has been targeting the smaller power plants all across the US to bring their procedures up to snuff, and they have been looking at the price and say screw it and close. Now, enough of them have closed around the US that the unthinkable could happen.

A whole bunch of plants large and small must be producing electricity all the time for this reason: I can't explain this worth a crap but, if one plant goes down for whatever reason, say maintenance for several weeks, when it comes back on line, it needs all the other plants producing to help pull back into production.

With all the smaller plants shutting down and this shortage of coal, if several plants go down at once, there will not be any way to bring em back on line. ...

Tuesday September 2, 2014 12:20

Yes, fraud, at least in the case of Ocotillo Wind that appears to be the case and probably others. See our investigative report here: WAS IT FRAUD? EXPERTS RAISE SERIOUS QUESTIONS AFTER LOW FIRST-YEAR ENERGY PRODUCTION AT OCOTILLO WIND PROJECT.


Tuesday September 2, 2014 12:40
Florida Power and Light aka NextEra apparently featured ad on TV that it was going to generate electricity during the day with solar and natural gas at night, we heard Tuesday August 26, 2014.
At our three solar energy centers throughout Florida, we’re making the most of our state’s sunshine, turning it into clean energy and using it to power your home or business. By using solar energy and other American-made energy sources, like natural gas, we’ve been able to reduce our dependence on foreign oil by more than 98 percent—the equivalent of 750,000 barrels of oil just from solar energy


PNM begins work on two solar plants

  Work is underway at two new PNM solar plants: the $18-million PNM Meadowlake Solar Energy Center 10 miles east of Los Lunas, and the $16-million PNM Sandoval county Solar Energy Center on an 80-acre site in Rio Rancho Estates.
  Work on the 9.1-megawatt center in Valencia County would finish by the end of the year.
  The center’s 122,850 solar panels will generate the energy used by 3,500 average residential customers. It will generate an estimated $2O0,000 in tax revenue for the county next year.
  Panel installation is slated at the Sandoval site to begin in early fall with completion expected by the end of the year. The 6.1 megawatt center’s 82,350 solar panels will generate the energy used by 2,400 average residential customers, PNM said. It also expects of generate an estimated $152,000 in new tax revenue for the county next year.

Albuquerque Journal Saturday August 24, 2014
Valencia County commissioners voted down a proposed zone change for a 100-acre solar field on the east side 3-2.

The proposed PNM project was going to be located on the south side of Meadow Lake Road, east of Dairy Road in Valencia County Commissioner Alicia Aguilar's district.  [Huh? Thursday August 28, 2014 06:35]

Which Solar Panel Type is Best? Mono- vs. Polycrystalline vs. Thin Film.

First Solar uses toxic Cadmium telluride (CdTe)
Let's google, compute and take field trip.
9.1-megawatt center in Valencia County would finish by the end of the year. The center’s 122,850 solar panels

9100000/122850 = 74.074 W/panel

The 6.1 megawatt center’s 82,350 solar panels

6100000/82350 = 74.074 W/panel


Field trip reason is First Solar panels.
The Agua Caliente Solar Project is the world's largest photovoltaic solar generating facility,[2] built in Yuma County, Arizona using thin film solar panels manufactured by First Solar. The project was completed in April 2014, when it reached an installed capacity of 290 MW

The Series 3 thin film panels use CdS/CdTe,[10] and are rated from 75 watts to 77 watts each, and are mounted at a fixed tilt angle. 20,940 are connected in each array, ...

75 * 20940 = 1,570,500
77 * 20940 = 1,612,380
Topaz Solar Farm is a 550 megawatt (MW) solar photovoltaic power plant, being built in San Luis Obispo County, California. Construction on the project began in November 2011 and is expected to run through 2015. It is among the world’s biggest solar farms under construction. The $2.5 billion project will include 9 million thin-film technology based CdTe PV panels manufactured by First Solar.
550000000/9000000 = 61.11 W/panel
First Solar is currently constructing the 550 megawatt (MW) Desert Sunlight Solar Farm, which is co-owned by NextEra Energy Resources, GE Energy Financial Services, and Sumitomo Corporation of America. The project is located on land managed by the Federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM), about six miles north of the community of Desert Center. Desert Sunlight will provide enough energy to serve the needs of about 160,000 average California homes

The Desert Sunlight Solar Farm is a 550 MW (AC)[1] solar power plant under construction in the Sonoran Desert, that will use approximately 8.8 million cadmium telluride thin-film solar photovoltaic modules made by First Solar.
550000000/8800000 = 62.5 W/panel
85W Thin Film Panel First Solar FS-385
Our Price: $150.00 Watts 85

On February 20, 2013, the first 100 MW (AC) came online.[6] The plant is expected to be fully operational in June 2014, with approximately 3.8 million solar panels ...the plant is expected to generate enough energy for 75,000 homes

100000000/3800000 = 26.31 W/panel

The Avenal Solar Facility is a 45-megawatt (MW) (AC) photovoltaic power plant in Kings County, California, constructed using 450,900 SHARP 128W thin-film modules (57.7 MWp).

45000000/450900 = 99.8 W/panel

The Avra Valley Solar Generating Station is a 34 MW (DC, 25 MW AC) photovoltaic power plant in Avra Valley,

AC vs DC looks to be important in W/panel. Inverter efficiency?

The 16.6 megawatt (MW) Blue Wing Solar Project is a solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant in San Antonio, Texas ...has 214,500 solar photovoltaic modules,

16600000/214500 = 77.39 W/panel

Brockton Brightfield in Brockton, Massachusetts is one of the largest solar power plants in New England. Consisting of 1,395 photovoltaic panels on a 3.7-acre (1.5 ha) site, it has a maximum output of 425 kilowatts.

425000/1395 = 304.66 W/panel

PNM Prosperity.
Solar panels: 2,158 Solar power produced :
Up to 500 kilowatts

500000/2158 = 231.70 W/panel


Thursday August 21, 2014 06:58
Will Electric Cars Ever Be Practical?

In the meantime, I believe electric cars will remain a niche for those who can live with
the disadvantages and want to be “green”.

Tuesday August 12, 2014 07:22

Large-scale solar generation of electricity destroying clouds observed Saturday August 9, 2014 over Estancia, New Mexcio on essential non-gas-wasting air conditioned 186 mile field trip.

Clouds video.

High Lonesome wind farm/ranch south of Willard, New Mexico.

Three turbines not spinning. Decommission candidates? Expensive? Uneconomical? Scam/fraud?


Decommissioning video.

Decommissioning video 2.

Wind turbine maintenance includes retorquing bolts, we learned at Sunday June 22, 2015 brunch.

Windmill spinning. But no pump rod.


Lowe's Mastercool PNM $300 rebate cooler bid of $3,300 beat by Samons and bill installation for about $750. Lowe's audio evidence.

Friday August 8, 2014 20:08

Liberal arts 'educated' MSM attempt to regain control?

'Rots of ruck' as they say in China and Japan.

Liberal arts 'educated' at work ... but getting caught. Hahaha

MSM liberal arts 'educated' hopeful defeat.

Something done.

Thursday August 7, 2014 16:57

Liberal arts 'educated' media event?


Friday August 8, 2014 14:39


Thursday August 7, 2014 11:47


Monday August 4, 2014 19:08

German Ehsan Molavi.
Firstly, German consumers are paying twice as much for electricity as their U.S. counterparts
and prices for industrial customers have risen by more than 30 percent over the last four years.

Secondly, German utilities have lost more than half their market capitalization in recent years,
while U.S. utilities are still achieving fairly healthy returns on equity.

Thirdly, the Energiewende [Energiewende is German for “energy transition”] has inadvertently
driven up Germany’s carbon emissions, since the country has been relying on its own lignite coal
resources and cheap imports from the U.S. as back up load
, when the nuclear moratorium was
introduced. ...

So, not only are utilities not generating any revenue from solar, they need to fund substantial
upgrades to a distribution grid that was not designed for a distributed and intermittent
power model. [erratic right word?]

Flicking the switch

Switching nuclear back on could quickly halve Japan's trade deficit, which
has climed along with fuel imports. ...

Wednesday July 30, 2014 11:14

When the wind blows The hopes, fears and worries of Europe’s quest for renewable energy Sep 7th 2013 was brought to my attention by John Sobolewski on September 9, 2013 when he handed me his copy of The Economist.
If at times Germany has too much of a good thing, at others it must suck power from nuclear plants across the border in France. And German ministers still worry about the risk of blackouts when the weather is cold, the sun does not shine and the wind does not blow.

Neighbours such as Poland and the Czech Republic complain that power surges from ermany are playing havoc with their grids
. ...

Another oddity is that Germany pays some of the lowest wholesale prices for electricity in Europe, yet suffers from some of the highest retail prices. Consumers are burdened with all manner of network fees, taxes and ever-growing charges to subsidise renewable energy. ...

[Subscription required to continue to read. Subscribed, then was able to access article. We are The Economist subscriber until Feb 27, 2016.

The trouble, as Paul Joskow of the Massachusetts Institute of [technology has pointed out, is that levelised costs do not take account of the costs of intermittency. Wind power is not generated in a calm day, nor solar power at night, so conventional power plants must be kept on standby - but are not included in the 1eveised cost of renewables. Electricity demand also varies during the day in ways that the supply from wind and solar generation may not match, so even if renewable forms of energy have the same levelised cost as conventional ones, the value of the power hey produce may be lower. In short, levelised costs are poor at comparing different forms of power generation. ...

Studies cited in this article can be found at

'intermittency.? Close but no cigar. 'Erratic' better?

[t]his graph, which tracks the output of a 4.5 megawatt array of photovoltaic (PV) cells on 44 acres in northeast Arizona, operated by Tucson Electric Power. Sampling output at one-minute intervals over the course of the month of June, Cartright and Apt found the solar plant's average output to be 18 percent of its nameplate capacity. Moreover, output varied starkly minute-to-minute, from 100% to less than 30%, as indicated by the graph. The interruptions came from scattered clouds. "Note that this is from a solar PV farm in the Arizona desert — one of the best locations in the US for this type of facility,"  ...

Solar installations in the West are currently being backed up by coal plants, but these must be kept running all the time. Estimates are that the solar element will reduce carbon emissions only by 3 to 5 percent - and could increase them as much as 10 percent.

Is The Economist statement
Thus a 1MW wind farm running at about 25% of capacity can replace only about 0.23MW of a coal plant running at 90% of capacity Solar farms run at only about 15% of capacity so they can replace even less.

in view of

Solar installations in the West are currently being backed up by coal plants, but these must be kept running all the time.

Erratic, by the second or minute, solar and wind electric output requires backup, we read.

Decommissioning cost needs to be explored too... especially at the New Mexico Wind Energy Center.



Fraud/scam pr?

Bringing solar's downside to light

El Paso Electric is installing a 50-megawatt (MW) solar photovoltaic (PV) facility on 600 acres of NM State Trust Lands near Deming. What could possibly be wrong with this?
Nameplate capacity. Capacity factor.

What is capacity factor and how does solar energy compare?

[t]he capacity factor varies quite a bit for solar photovoltaic systems depending on the location. Generally, it is in the range of 10-25%. ...

Fortunately, solar energy has many distinct advantages such as easy maintenance, long lifetime and decreasing prices that still make it the renewable energy of choice for households. [But erratic output.]

Energy density: The same 50 MW of electric power could be produced by a natural gas-fired generator on about 5 acres.

[Provided natural gas available at a reason price. Neither are certain.]

Capital cost: According to a 2012 study by E3 commissioned by the Western Electricity Coordinating Council, the installed cost of simple solar panels is about $2,500! kilowatt, or about $125 million for EPE's 50-MW solar project. The same 50 MW of gas-fired generation would cost $1,300/KW, or about half the cost of solar.

Fuel cost and reliability: Solar is free, right? Except when it's cloudy or at night. Then, solar-energy output is greatly reduced (cloudy) or eliminated (at night) - you can't count on solar to run your house, business or manufacturing facility. To reliably produce steady power requires backup or supplemental generation. So what is the standard backup technology? Yes, its natural gas-fired generation. Batteries and solar thermal can also provide solar backup, but at substantial cost. Currently, battery technology is priced at between $5,500/KW and $6,500/KW, about the cost of a new nuclear plant. This is in addition to the cost of the solar project. Solar's energy availability during cloudy conditions or overnight can be extended to cover about six nighttime hours, but this comes at a steep price, according to the WECC study ($7,100/KW for solar- thermal plants).

[Erratic solar electric output appears overlooked.

"Solar installations in the West are currently being backed up by coal plants" not necessarily natural gas.]

Visual disruption: 600 acres of desert lands (which is 40 acres shy of 1 square mile) covered in solar panels may not seem like much in the nation's fourth- largest state. But to get the equivalent solar output of the PNM-operated San Juan Generating Station alone would take about 20,200 acres, or nearly 32 square miles! To develop utility- scale solar PV projects to replace even a small portion of the existing generation in the West we're talking exceptionally large areas of scenic Western landscape. The solution: Solar is great - I have panels on my roof and, via the magic of net metering, don't pay an electric bill. I'd encourage rooftops of homes, buildings and parking structures. And while the State Land Office needs revenues to support education, there are far better ways to make money than to obliterate umpteen square miles of pretty desert landscape under solar panels.

Robert Jackson

Business Outlook, page2
Albuquerque Journal Monday July 21, 2104

[MSM publication.

Letter appears to be promotion of natural gas generation of electricity. For a business reason?

Fracked natural gas depletion is a concern.

Figure 54.

'natural gas price volatility' is a concern too.

Natural-gas price swings are off the charts.


1 Natural gas generation of electricity plant financing hopeful located in Albuquerque.

A Bull Market for Gas Turbines.

2 Solar generation of electricity serious interest began with

fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical

which may have been inspired by post

There is a LOT OF MONEY to be made developing and selling alternate generation facilities to those who do not understand the laws of thermodynamics, HEAT RATE, and CAPACITY FACTOR.


3 Solar generation of electricity and battery charging experiments complemented reading about solar and wind generation of electricity.

Experiments continue ... with help from Harbor Freight.

Grid float charge of 12V 35Ah AGM battery.

1 Grid float charge of 12V 45Ah AGM Harbor Freight battery.

2 Half hour progress.

3 Float charger looking like charger.

4 Max float charge?

Surface charge removal.

Drop continues.

5 Liberal arts 'educated' in solar generation of electricity and erratic output caused by clouds.

Solar-generated electricity works for battery charging and water pumping since erratic output can be tolerated.

But large-scale solar generation of electricity without back-up scam/fraud evidence mounts.

Grid float charge of Werker 12V 9 Ah AGM battery project

6 Connections.

7 Charging progress.

Meters used to compare battery measurements.

Left Cen-Tech - item#98674               Free Cen-Tech - item#69096      Right INNOVA 3320 Manual.

Thursday July 31, 2014 07:52

Innova 3320 includes 1.5, 6, 9 and 12V and free Harbor Freight 1.5 and 9V battery test circuits.

98674 powered by three abd 3320 two AAA 1.5V batteries.

Free Harbor Freight powered by one 9V battery

D, C, 9V and even AA batteries becoming obsolete replaced by AAA. 

NiMH and Nicd AA abd AAA rated at 1.2V, not 1.5, But will measure about 1.4V directly after recharge.

New alkaline AAs usually measure about 1.6V while lithium 9X Energiser 1.8V.

Battery testing or voltmeter usually required to identify bad battery.

Tracfone LG 840G includes 3.7V lithium ion battery tester.

But 3320 used to check Onite 1,500 and LG 1000 mAh recharge which is usually over 4.1V and observed as high a 4.21V.

Meters fairly accurate to specifications. High tech chips responsible for accuracy and low cost.

Right meter is Cen-Tech - item#98025.

Shielding on 69069 is not present on right 98025.

Soldered fuse on 98025 ... sometimes.

Record of 9V batter life and initial voltage recorded.

Meters measuring desktop UPS output and battery charge voltages left on 24/7.

8 Meters video.

High tech inexpensive technology makes our projects possible.

Wednesday July 23, 2014 20:08

From: John Young
Date: 7/23/2014, 09:35 ET
Subject: FOIA Request

Dear FOIA Officer,

I request any and all information and documents concerning the US government accusation of espionage by Edward Snowden for reportedly taking documents from the National Security Agency. In particular: ...

[We are legion]

Wednesday July 23, 2014 06:35

Meter used for electric experiments ... some of which are solar.


Be brief.

Wednesday July 23, 2014 10:37

NIF may be a DOE super-scam/fraud?

Fusion Energy Sciences.

FES has four strategic goals:

Generation of electricity is not one of them. :)

German Facebook friend.

Albuquerque Tribune laid off Mr Spohn. Albuquerque Journal did not offer Spohn a job.

Physicist Leo Mascheroni pointed out to LANL management that its fusion ideas would not work. And got fired.

lawrence spohn national ignition facility.

Monday July 21, 2014 18:20

San Juan battle lines drawn

By Kevin Robinson-Avila Journal Staff Writer
Monday, July 21, 2014 at 12:18 pm

The EPA proposed in June that states reduce their carbon emissions from coal plants 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. If that rule is approved as-is next year, it would mean New Mexico would need to cut its current carbon-emission rate by 34 percent, according to Maureen Gannon, PNM’s executive director for environmental services. ...

“The proposed rule and supporting documents amount to 1,500-plus pages,” Gannon said. “We have a team reviewing it, but it’s not an easy rule to digest. We’re still trying to understand its implications.” ...

Steve Michel, chief counsel for Western Resource Advocates, ...
Mr. Michel holds a B.A. in economics and history from Northwestern University, and M.B.A. and J.D. degrees from Vanderbilt University.

Where do journalists come from? They are manufactured in America's universities in a liberal arts curriculum.

Mark Mathis

a stupid or despicable person.
Mariel Nanasi, executive director of New Energy Economy ...
Mariel Nanasi is the Executive Director and President of New Energy Economy. A civil rights and criminal defense attorney, she is licensed to practice in both the state and federal courts.

David Van Winkle, energy chairman for the New Mexico Coalition for Clean Affordable Energy.

David has a BS in Industrial Engineering from Iowa State and an MS in Electrical Engineering from SMU.

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