Saturday October 23, 2010 07:16
Monday January 3, 2011 07:31
3412.14163 BTU = 1kWh.
"Coal will remain the dominant source for electricity generation for the foreseeable future," he says. "So the big problem with the 'death of coal' message is that it is not, as we say, reality-based."
The Times says ships - all burning hydrocarbons - hauled about 690 million tons of thermal coal this year, up from 385 million in 2001. China, which imported about 150 million tons this year, was a net exporter of coal until 2009, sending abroad its low-grade coal and importing higher-grade, low-sulfur coal from, for example, the Powder River Basin of Wyoming and Montana.
China may buy 233 million tons more of the fuel than it exports next year, up from net imports of 143 million in 2010, Citigroup Inc. said in a Nov. 29 report. India faces a shortfall of 104 million tons in the 12 months ending March 2012, mjunction Services Ltd., a Kolkata-based commodity trader, said in a note on Dec. 6, citing Coal Minister Sriprakash Jaiswal.
Asias two fastest-growing major economies are burning more of the fuel as economic expansion raises demand for electricity. The International Monetary Fund forecasts that Chinas gross domestic product will next year expand 9.6 percent and India 8.4 percent. China added about 51 gigawatts of coal-fired capacity last year, more than half the total capacity of the U.K., according to data from Daiwa Capital Markets and the U.S. Energy Department.
Wednesday November 24, 2010 07:30
The Competitive Challenge Facing Concentrated Solar Thermal Power
Alternative Energy and Climate Change Mutual Funds, Part III
Wednesday October 20, 2010 08:25
Hello Mr Heinrich,
We are concerned that large-scale solar generation of electricity may be a fraud. ....
Note fast delivery. Letter dated November 17 and received on the 18th.
BIG TROUBLE? The US produces only 7% of the uranium it consumes.
Friday November 19, 2010 07:21
Thank you for your November 17, 2010 letter.
As always, I value your input. I hope you will continue to keep me informed of how we can work together to promote a clean, livable planet.
I comply with your request in above paragraph.
I support comprehensive legislation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that will put the U.S. on the path to a new energy economy. For this reason, I was proud to vote in favor of H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, a bill that made the most significant investment in clean energy in our nation's history. This bill passed the House on January 28, 2009, with my support. The Recqvery Act will stimulate the renewable energy industry and inject enough capital over the next three years to eventually double our domestic renewable energy capacity.
I am also a co-sponsor of H.R 890, the American Renewable Energy Act, which establishes a federal renewable electricity standard (RES) for retail suppliers by requiring that a minimum amount of electricity be generated from renewable sources, including wind, solar, geothermal, combustion of biomass or landfill gas, qualified hydropower, and marine or hydrokinetic energy. The standard starts at six percent in 2010 and gradually increases to 25 percent in 2025.
AARP reports in its November|December AARP The Magazine
We'll generate more renewable energy by 2020, yet it won't account for more than 10 percent of what we need, according to the National Research Council. The U.S. Department of Energy concurs its 2010 Annual Energy Outlook forecast for 2035 actually sees gains in fossil-fuel usage.
Disparity between what you write compared to what the National Research Council and the U.S. Department of Energy reports creates that appearance that you may involved in promoting an altenergy scam?
I wrote you about possible large-scale solar generation of electricity possible fraud.
No email ack or response from 'engineer' representative Martin Heinrich by close of business Friday October 22, 2010.
Although New Mexico established its own RES, our state stands to benefit significantly from the national implementation of this legislation because renewable energy producers in New Mexico will help meet increased demand nationwide for renewable energy; put simply this will create good new jobs and grow our economy. As you may know, New Mexico ranks second in solar and 12th in wind energy production potential in the nation. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to promote clean energy and combat climate change.
You will be pleased to know that I introduced H.R. 2662, the Clean Energy Promotion Act, which would promote renewable energy projects on public lands. Some of the be areas for wind and solar energy in the West are managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Unfortunately, BLM currently lacks the resources to process the countless applications it has already received to begin work on renewable energy projects. The Clean Energy Promotion Act would direct funding to BLM offices that process these applications in order to support the rapidly growing renewable energy industry.
Engineer Heinrich pictured with criminal Jillson who stole our $22,036.
William H Payne
Monday November 29, 2010 08:03
Martin Heinrich needs to read and understand Positioning Coal.
Backing Off Coal
new Positioning Coal not posted? - Nov 21, 2010 - 9:36 AM
Arch coal CEO Steven Leer article 'Positing Coal'[energybiz, v7, i6,NOV 10 DEC 10, P8] quotes Leer,
"In the last decade, coal has been the fastest-growing energy source in the world in terms of total British thermal units delivered. Solar, perhaps, has grown at a higher percentage rate, but from a small base of a few tenths of one percent."
New Mexico strives to be a leader in large-scale solar generation of electricity lead by representative Martin Heinrich who is educated as an engineer.
Public Service Company of New Mexico publically stated that Heat Rate does not apply to solar and wind generation of electricty.
This opens the possibility that less than 3412.14163 BTU is requred for production of 1 kWh of electricity.
Coal Heat Rate published values are about twice 3412.14163 BTU for each 1 kWh produced.
Some in New Mexico are questioning representative Heinrich about possible larg-scale solar generation of electricty business fraud.
[Rosenberg's article is posted but not this?]
STEVEN LEER STEERS ARCH COAL INTO A CHANGING ERA II BY MARTIN ROSENBERG
Arch Coal Powder River Basin photos
Tuesday October 17, 2006 about 9 AM, temperature 29 degrees F
STEVEN F. LEER RUNS ONE OF THE LARGEST coal companies in America. At a time when his industry's future is clouded by growing concern about climate change, Leer sees his industry playing an important role in powering the world in coming decades. That's because billions of people lack adequate energy, and their needs cannot be addressed without relying on coal. EnergyBiz recently interviewed the chairman and chief executive of Arch Coal in his St. Louis office. His comments, edited for style and length, follow.
2009 revenues: $2.6 billion
2009 adjusted net income: $63.4 million
2010 coal sales (est) 147 million - 155 million tons
2009 coal sales: 126.1 million tons
ENERGYBIZ - Congress doesn't seem likely to address the carbon issue in the near future. Would you like to see that issue addressed by Congress?
LEER - We need to try to resolve the uncertainty. We've always had the position that if you look at CO2, itis a global question. How do we stabilize CO2 inthe atmosphere? The only technology that might be achievable on a global basis in the next 40 years looks like it's carbon capture and sequestration. Keep in mind that the developing world's emissions are far exceeding the developed world's.
ENERGYBIZ - So addressing carbon in the United States is irrelevant as long as the rest of the world does not?
LEER - What will address that issue of stabilizing CO2 on a global scale is developing coal plant building boom that I've seen in my career in 30 years. They've been planned and in permitting processes for the last 10 years. That goes out to about 2012, 2013. The question is what goes on beyond that? We have approximately 1,050 coal-fired power plants in the United States. Perhaps the only positive thing that came out of this traumatic recession is that the capacity needs of most of the U.S. utilities got moved back three, four years. It doesn't mean that we technologies to capture carbon because you must look at emissions on a global scale. Whether we give it to them, use it in unilateral trade agreements or sell it to them, it doesn't matter how the technology transfers. But we have to have the technology.
ENERGYBIZ - It would be an economic opportunity for us.
LEER - It would be an economic opportunity, but it really comes down to Congress. Somewhere between $10 billion to $20 billion a year needs to be invested globally in world-scale carbon capture and sequestration demonstration projects now.
ENERGYBIZ - Globally, where do you think we're at?
LEER - We're probably at a billion dollars.
ENERGYBIZ - So it has to be increased tenfold?
LEER - Tenfold, but I think you could get funding. It would probably have to come through a price on carbon, or it comes through a tax on fossil fuels generating electricity and on transportation fuels. But it's a workable number.
ENERGYBIZ - We have the technology. It's a matter of the will to get it implemented.
LEER - I agree. I mean we have the pieces of the technology. We've been injecting CO2 underground in enhanced oil recovery for 30 years.
ENERGYBIZ - Arch Coal is the second-largest coal company in the country.
LEER - By production, yes.
ENERGYBIZ - What do you tell investors about the outlook for coal when utilities are delaying construc tion of new coal-fired generation?
LEER - Planned plants that were projected three or four years ago have ratcheted back. But we are still seeing the second-largest building boom that I've seen in my career in 30 years. They've been planned and in permitting processes for the last 10 years. That goes out to about 2012, 2013. The question is what goes on beyond that? We have approximately 1,050 coal-fired power plants in the United States. Perhaps the only positive thing that came out of this traumatic recession is that the capacity needs of most of the U.S. utilities got moved back three, four years. It doesn't mean that we don't go back on our upward electric demand curve. The utilities are wrestling with the question of what are they going to build as the next generation of power plants.
ENERGYBIZ - When you talk to utility executives, do they say there is too much uncertainty surrounding coal?
LEER - They do want some certainty moving forward,and there's a huge amount of uncertainty out there. But we're going to be burning coal for a long, long time.
ENERGYBIZ - Will it remain half of our generation?
LEER - You know it may go to 44 percent. It may go to 52 percent. It's going to be bouncing around for the next decade.
ENERGYBIZ - What is the answer to the political paralysis we have in this country that we can't really just nail our coal and energy policies?
LEER - If you take the next 10,12 years and focus on the technology, we'll have the answer as to whether we can achieve carbon capture and storage. We've proven that we can do a lot of this. An MIT study said we need 10 world-scale projects, and we need to get on with it.
ENERGYBIZ - What happens if Republicans and Democrats fail to agree on energy policies?
LEER - After 30 years in business, I think the best government has always been when one party has control of the legislative branch and the other controls the presidency. I'm always an optimist; in the coal business you've got to be an optimist. But there have been more difficult years than really good years.
ENERGYBIZ - How do investors, consumers and political leaders assess the current business and political environment?
LEER - Investors' time frames tend to be shorter. There's not a question in their minds of whether coal will be burned in the next five or 10 years. Ten years would be three lifetimes for most of the institutional investors out there. As an energy provider, we have to think in 10- and 20-year increments. Political views tend to be in two-, four-, six-year increments. That's one of the difficulties we have to work around.
ENERGYBIZ - To what extent is natural gas a threat to coal, wind and solar generation?
LEER - Wind and solar still are not at parity or even close to parity. You probably need a fivefold technological improvement in solar to make it competitive against natural gas. The low cost of natural gas right now is really hurting renewable investments. As for coal and gas competition, when gas got down into the $3 range last year, you certainly saw some gas substitution where you took the oldest, most inefficient coal-fired power plants and matched them up against some of the newest combined-cycle natural gas plants. According to estimates, 25 million to 50 million tons of coal was displaced by natural gas. That's out of a 900 billion ton market. The normal domestic market's about one billion tons per year of coal burned to generate electricity. Central Appalachian coal tends to be the most expensive to mine and the highest-priced coal. Powder River Basin coal wasn't displaced ever to our knowledge by any of the natural gas plants even when natural gas dropped below $3. I'm a firm believer that the energy required in the Unit~5States and around the globe will require that we useaU energy resources. If the globe is growing economically at about 4 percent a year or more, we begin to be short of energy. And if you think through it, we're seeing 2 billion people in China and India go through an industrial revolution. We've never seen that before, and they're skipping generations of technologies. China is buying every energy source they can.
ENERGYBIZ - Are they buying from Arch Coal?
LEER - We have shipped coal from Wyoming to China, which if you think about it, is truly halfway around the world.
Huge coal pile observed to northwest from the Swartz Bay to Tsawassen ferry in the summer of 2010 on the way to meet Anita Langley and Mel and Barbara Davidson in Steveson, BC, Canada.
Data appears to show that the US imports 93% of the BTUs it derives from uranium while apparently at the same time is exporting BTUs derived from coal. What's going on?
ENERGYBIZ - What is the future of coal?
LEER - In the last decade, coal has been the fastest growing energy source in the world in terms of total British thermal units delivered. Solar, perhaps, has grown at a higher percentage rate, but from a small base of a few tenths of one percent. The magnitude of the growth in coal capacity was larger than all other fuels, and it's led by demand from China and India.
The ETC Group, an international organization supporting sustainability and conservation, has just published its newest report, an 84-page document that presents a lengthy criticism of "the new bioeconomy." In it, principal author Jim Thomas argues that using biofuels for energy and resources isn't green -- in fact, he says, it's even more harmful to the environment than coal.
Thursday November 18, 2010 13:08
No email ack or response from candidate 'engineer' Martin Heinrich by close of business Friday October 22, 2010.
Arrived Thursday November 18, 2010
Saturday October 30, 2010 09:42
Let's hope for peaceful settlement before the New Mexico economy is destroyed.
The public may discover that Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory are mostly scams too.
Deborah Payne retired with the rank of commander in 1993. She is a manager at Sandia National Laboratories.
The best play on renewable energy.
Wednesday October 20, 2010 08:25
Hello Mr Heinrich,
We are concerned that large-scale solar generation of electricity may be a fraud.
We read that you voted to pass the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 that would add 11,00 jobs in New Mexico.
From your vote, we presume that you advocate large-scale solar generation of electricity.
Wednesday October 27, 2010 07:19
Martin Heinrich did not try help to get these unfortunate matters peacefully settled.
Tuesday October 26, 2010
Tuesday October 26, 2010 06:29
Byron king writes in More Nukes! Monday October 25 ,2010.
In the energy sector, different fuel sources contain different amounts of energy per mass. That is, if you burn a block of wood, youll get a different amount of energy than if you burn a gallon of gasoline or diesel fuel or a pound of uranium. These differences influence the investment appeal of each fuel source.All Fired Up!
The energy density of various fuel sources.
Solar* 0.2-1 MJ/1kg
*I had to fudge a bit with the solar measurement. Solar
energy is usually measured in MJ per square meter. Thus
it is hard to state solar energy in terms of mass (kg) when
the density of solar energy is usally measured per square
meter. I figured that solar energy expressed in mass is 2-10%
of what you get from burning wood.
Tuesday October 26, 2010 06:21
Hello Ms Mattioli and Ms Kelly,
What is the ourput of Schott solar panels per kg?
A Sputnik Moment Congress is urged to nurture renewables -- now
Congress is urged to nurture renewables -- now
Martin Rosenberg | Oct 25, 2010
Below received Monday October 25, 2010.
Saturday October 23, 2010 14:42
No email ack or response from candidate 'engineer' Martin Heinrich by close of business Friday October 22, 2010.
Let's invoke penalties.
Photos of Schott Solar located on Mesa del Sol in Albuquerque, New Mexico taken on Wednesday October 20, 2010.
Below is building to the left of the sign and partially seen above.
Building to right of sign.
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