PNM Solar


First posted
Saturday February 23, 2008 10:09
Thursday April 1, 2010 15:50

Thursday April 1, 2010 15:50

Energy efficient home causing shadow problems.

Sun is designed to enter during winter and not during summer.

We've been walking on solar electric experiment. Debugging what got disconnected is a problem

So we're going to remove the experiment from the floor with

and get mobile. And off our hands and knees.

Saturday March 27 BNSF solar panel located north of Bernalillo and south of Algodones measured 60o.

Lamy, NM panel powering gate opening battery charging.

Magnetic base worked on this solar panel! It did not on the old panel seen below in the middle.

Galisteo, NM panel power speed monitoring display measured 45o.

PNM in November was awarded a $1.75 million Department of Energy stimulus grant for the battery, made by Reading, Mass.-based Premium Power, and a control system for the demonstration.

PNM will match the grant and fund construction of the solar component, a 500-kilowatt solar photovoltaic system that will be built near Mesa del Sol. It put out a request for proposals for the solar project this week. Proposals are due April 15. ABQJOURNAL BIZ Thursday March 4, 2010.

Solar Energy Facts.

New Energy

HATCH -- Renewable energy may be coming soon to Hatch.

A solar power generating company is proposing a plant southwest of the community, village officials said this week. The company, Renergix Solar Inc., and an unnamed partner would build the 5-megawatt facility, said Jim Hayhoe, a consultant for the village.

Thursday February 11, 2010 08:21

Altenergy is using corp/gov/msm to further it business interests.

Computations of physics, laws of thermodynamics, and perhaps even estimate of the maxium BTUs per hour per square foot or meter should yield about the same values whether computed in China, the US, Iran, or anywhere else.

In order of importance, power output of solar generation of electricity should be able to computed from

1. 1 kWh = 3412.14163 BTU.
2. Second law of thermodyamics: In all energy exchanges, if no energy enters or leaves the system, the potential energy of the state will always be less than that of the initial state. This is also known as the law of entropy.
3. Solar produces 320 BTU/h/ft2 at best?

So let's try to reach a consensus on solar-generated electricity power output.

Below posted at Urban Survival Friday February 12, 2010.

Now we have some dimensions. We can start computing.

Below posted at Urban Survival Thursday February 11, 2010.

What is the watt output into what load by hour?

• A person paid to endorse a product favourably, while pretending to be impartial.

It is presumed that at "peak sun", 1000 W/m² of power reaches the surface of the earth. One hour of full sun provides 1000 Wh per m² = 1 kWh/m² - representing the solar energy received in one hour on a cloudless summer day on a one-square meter surface directed towards the sun.

"The National Renewable Energy Laboratory said there is four to five kilowatt-hours per square meter of sun per day in Hazleton," Cole said. "Phoenix, one of the sunniest places in the country, has six to seven kilowatt-hours per square meter per day. In comparison, that's good."

Sunday January 31, 2010 12:20

14:52 Saturday January 30, 2010 the solar panel output is slighly over 20 volts.

We tilted it is see if the voltage changed. Not much.


We measured the back of the panel withit with the non-contact thermometer. 147.2o F!

Tierra Grande solar arrary

spotted during essential non-gas-wasting field trip Saturday January 30, 2010. Tierra Grande is to the east of Belen, NM.

Photo taken Thursday January 7, 2010 just south of Bernalillo, NM along BNSF tracks.

PNM Algodones, NM angles raise suspicion about its purpose. The PNM Algodones array is also pointing towards the southeast, not direcly south.

For the Northern hemisphere, your panels should be facing as close to South as possible

It would be the first solar PV project of significant size on PNM's system, producing 80 times more power than the 25-kilowatt PV system in Algodones near Interstate 25.

Solar panel recently replaced small two blade wind turbine.

Rarely did we see the wind turbine blade turn. Apparently wind turbine was unsatisfactory for charging batteries.

Note the angle of the solar panels.

1 kw/square meter.

1 square meter = 10.7639104 square feet.

1 kWh = 34132.14163 BTU.

Optimal solar panel angle.

Latitude/Longitude Finder.

Saturday January 30, 2010 sunny. Solar panel voltage over 22 volts early but back to a slighly over 20.

Solar panel is at angle of about 90o. We can rotate the planel and observe the non-load change of voltage. It is not that much.

Under load, however, the power output may prove sensitive to angle. We will see!

Marin Katusa & Marc Bustin, Editors of Casey's Energy Report
Recent estimates place the cost of solar energy to be upwards of US$10,000 per kilowatt-hour (kW) whereas wind is around $1,700-$3,000/kW. [???]

The Daily Reckoning
Thursday, December 17, 2009

Solar Tutorial.

The price drops — coupled with recently expanded federal incentives — could shrink the time it takes solar panels to pay for themselves to 16 years, from 22 years, in places with high electricity costs, according to Glenn Harris, chief executive of SunCentric, a solar consulting group.

If the solar panel is broken by hail and trust me this happens, its up to YOU to fix. OH, and if you didn't tell your insurance company, they they won't have to pay. Most people carry at least $1000 deductible, so, you break a $1000 panel, it is your loss.

PV panels degrade over time. After 20 years you may only get 60 to 80% of the original panels output. If a panel fails within the PV makers 20 year warranty period, you won't get a free one, you'll have to pay for normal wear and tare, shipping, handling, installation, and even worse, their new panel may not work with your old panel.

Wednesday August 26, 2009 16:23

Wednesday August 26, 2009 field trip to
Golden, NM to collect audio record, then to BatteriesPlus Albuquerque NM 4000 San Mateo, N.E. 505.888.1666.

We are in the learn mode with solar.

Essential non-BTU-wasting solar energy trip from Albuquerque, NM to Edgewood, NM, then to Goldern, NM on Friday August 21, 2009, with temperature in the high 80F, led to the discovery of solar powered gate

entered an bottle of cold water bought for $.75.

Store owner queried as to whether the solar cell was sufficient to keep the battery charged.

Owner stated that gate has been in operation for three years with no problems.

Battery, owner reported, is very small [he held his hands to about a 6"x4" size] and will tolerate several days of no sun which is rare in NM.

Wednesday August 12, 2009 06:42
Before charging 8/10/09 08:53 After charging 9/11/09 13:55
1 1.285 v 1.382 v
2 1.283 v 1.367 v
3 1.288 v 1.384 v
4 1.288v 1.384 v

Saturday August 8, 2009 we purchased high-capacity NiMH AA cells in preparation for solar charging projects.

Sunday August 9, 2009 NiMH batteries 7 and 8 came out of the charger. One 1.427 v and the second measured 1.41 v.

Charger instructions state that for D cells, the charging process must be repeated twice.

When you buy a a new alternator or car battery you are advised to make sure that that discharged battery can ruin a voltage regulator or alternator. That's why we charged the 5 NiMH cells before attaching them to the Toshiba DOS laptop.

Our Harbor Freight charger has a switch for NiMH and NiCD. What's the function of the switch?

The way we gain information now is on Internet. We used to use lots of books.

We are making a transition into solar electricity storage with the hope that these unfortunate matters will be peacefully settled soon.

As this email is drafted, we bought a 5 watt solar cell from Harbor Freight for $42.74 on Monday August 3, 2009.

We going to evaluate electrical output of solar cells under various conditions.

The above email is very much related to the production of electricity.

When we do electronic project we try to use the same care as when we do legal projects.

We are charging old NiMH batteries to try to get old Toshiba T100SE laptop which runs PC/FORTH working.

Voltage with no battery inserted is 5.80 v and with NiMH battery inserted 1.47 v.

Practical electronics was learned at Sandia Labs.

Reason we need to charge batteries is that old Toshiba will not boot without charged batteries.

Old battery pack measures about zero.

Old Toshiba runs PC/FORTH and has serial and parallel ports.

So let see if it still works.

The NiMH D cells are nominal 1.2v at 1500 mAh rated.

On group of 3 charged to over 1.37 while a second group of 3 to over 1.43.

The five connected in series measured 6.98 v.

The old Toshiba 8086 is working!

Voltage across the battery pack is 7.5 v since the Toshiba is trying to charge the batteries.

We'll have to a bit careful about this since the original battery pack "NCD battery pack."

We tried disconnecting the pack. The Toshiba quit. We reconnected the NiMH pack and the machine is running again.

The Toshiba announced that it had 640 KB of memory.

We had a computer museum for the reason we had no good way to disposing of old machine. Goodwill is not takes old electronics so we disposed of most of our museum.

Monday August 3, 2009 14:28

We still haven't heard from PNM solar about the output of it Algdones, NM solar array.


PNM's plan to scale back two solar-incentive programs for cost reasons draws sharp retort

Copyright © 2009 Albuquerque Journal

By Michael Hartranft
Journal Staff Writer

PNM's newest plan to meet the state's renewable energy requirements has thrust it headlong into a solar storm, drawing sharp objections from installers, a statewide trade group, Albuquerque Mayor Martin Chavez and Gov. Bill Richardson.

The company wants to scale back two programs that provide incentives for customers' solar systems that generate power they use and sell back to PNM - including imposing limits on new participation after Jan. 1 and reducing the maximum size of systems for large installations.

In addition, the utility plans to introduce a program that would enable customers to have PNM-owned solar arrays installed at their homes and businesses.

Some green power advocates say PNM is throwing up roadblocks for New Mexico's growing solar industry even as the nation pushes for clean energy and jobs.

"We are going to fight this very hard," said Patrick Griebel, board member and legal counsel for the Renewable Energy Industries Association of New Mexico, which represents about 25 companies.

"It basically sends the message at the same time you have the state pouring tens of millions, I think hundreds of millions of dollars, into trying to create a solar industry you have the utility saying 'we don't want to play, we, in fact, want to kill the homegrown industry,' "he said.

The proposals are part of PNM's Renewable Energy Portfolio Procurement Plan for 2010, filed with the state Public Regulation Commission last month.

The plan, which requires PRC approval, outlines how the company intends to meet a 2010 mandate that 6 percent of its retail energy comes from renewable sources such as wind, solar and biomass.

It also looks ahead to 2011, when the percentage increases to 10 percent and specific diversification requirements come into play.

After the Legislature adopted the renewable energy requirements, state regulators adopted regulations that allowed PNM to charge all its customers a surcharge of up to 2 percent to pay the higher cost associated with alternative energy sources.

PNM president and CEO Pat Vincent-Collawn defended the plan as the company's best attempt to meet state requirements while staying within that cap.

She also said the plan would help the solar industry rather than hurt it.

Richard Oot, a board member of the Renewable Energies Industries Association who works for Everguard Solar, had a different assessment.

"For PNM to file this type of document and basically pull the rug out from (under) these programs is just astounding," he said.

The cap, called the Reasonable Cost Threshold, will be 1.8 percent of customers' overall electric charges in 2010. It increases to 2 percent in 2011. PNM has estimated the 2 percent would generate about $16.2 million.

PNM pays, or credits, between 13 and 24 cents per kilowatt hour for electricity generated at private installations. That's much more expensive than the cost power from its other coal, natural gas or nuclear power plants.

The credits, in effect, mean the solar programs are being subsidized by all ratepayers, Vincent-Collawn said.

"Obviously, no answer is perfect for everybody, but we tried to limit the subsidies," she said. "If I live in TorC or Silver City or somewhere else and I don't have solar on my house or am not part of this program, I'm still paying for it."

No shortage of critics

Albuquerque Mayor Martin Chavez said the city opposes any caps on the solar incentive programs, and environmental health director John Soladay said the city also has problems with the proposed utility-owned, customer-sited program.

"They're proposing a third-party ownership program where they're the third party," he said. "The issue with that is, once they have that right, and this is strictly from an economic standpoint, they can dictate rates all the way through.

"It is not advantageous for the city or the state and it is definitely limiting when it comes to green jobs."

The governor's office also has issues.

"PNM's renewable procurement plan for 2010 includes some positive elements, such as the use of dairy biogas for electricity production," said Sarah Cottrell, the governor's energy and environmental policy adviser.

She said, however, that the proposal to limit participation in residential and commercial solar programs "reduces the opportunity for clean energy generation in our state and sends a negative signal to the economic development community."

Under the solar programs, PNM credits customers 13 cents per kilowatt hour generated and used for customers with solar arrays up to 10 kilowatts - usually homeowners and small businesses. They pay 15 cents for those with systems 10 kilowatts to 1 megawatt in size, usually large businesses, government buildings and the like.

Electricity produced in excess of what the solar system owner uses is fed back into the power grid and the customer receives additional credit, at the rate of about 9 cents per kilowatt hour for residential customers.

Needing more resources

According to PNM's filing, the company has enough. resources to meet the 6 percent renewable portfolio requirements in 2010 but will need additional resources to achieve the 10 percent standard as well as diversity requirements that go into effect in 2011.

At that point, wind and solar power each must account for at least 20 percent of renewables with other resources such as biomass making up at least 10 percent.

Toward that end, PNM says it is working on agreements to construct about 70 megawatts of combined wind and solar power facilities to come on line in 2011.

PNM says it will be able to meet the wind portion of the renewable portfolio within the 2 percent cost threshold, but not biomass and solar.

Public Regulation

Commissioner Jason Marks said a utility can be "excused" if it makes a good faith attempt.

He noted that of the state's three investor-owned utilities, PNM is the only one maintaining it can't meet the requirements with a surcharge of less than 2 percent.

Greibel said his organization is skeptical of the way PNM calculated the cost threshold.

"The formula they're using is incorrect and we're going to show that in the PRC procurement case," he said. "We've hired an economist to look at that and our preliminary reading is they're using the same fuzzy math they did last year."

Limiting participation

PNM's four-month-old large solar program has one participant so far, Emcore Corp. with an 82-kilowatt system. For that program, PNM wants to reduce the 15-cent credit to 13 cents, bringing it into line with the small program and "what we've seen in the market for the prices for those installations," said Cynthia Bothwell, Integrated Resource Planning Department manager. The company also proposes reducing the maximum solar system size to 250 kilowatts, which it says would ensure the program isn't dominated by a few large customers.

In addition, it proposes to limit total participation in the solar program to 4.2 megawatts, and end the program for new customers on Dec. 31, 2010, sooner if the limit is reached.

In its filing, PNM noted that as of June it had 20 pending large program applications that would give it total capacity of 3.2 megawatts, which it says means it needs only 3.75 more megawatts to meet its distributed generation diversity requirement for 2011.

One megawatt is enough electricity to power about 400 average homes, PNM says.

"When we originally proposed this program, we were hoping to get approximately 1 megawatt per year," Broderick said. "So based on just four months this program has been open, we already have 3.2 megawatts."

PNM has no immediate plans to end the small program, but proposes to limit new participation starting Jan. 1.

As of last week, the small program had about 465 participants with 1,365 kw of installed capacity, according to PNM.. With the proposed limits, the program would have a total of 3,823 kw of installed capacity in 2011.

"Once again, it's a cost issue," Broderick said.

Utility owned

Beyond that, PNM is developing plans for a utility-owned, "customer-sited" solar program to be introduced next year. "We'd pay (other companies; to have it installed and maintained and we'd give customers lease payments use of their roof or parking lot of wherever it'd go on," Vincent-Collawn said.

The plan would open the door to people who want to use solar energy but can't afford the upfront investment, she said.

The company also plans funnel the installation work to New Mexico businesses. "I would say that what we're trying to do is help the homegrown solar industry she said.

Oot and others are still wary.

"That's their way of basically forcing all of us out," Got said. "They've (PNM) held control the way energy is produced, distributed, sold, you name it, in this state forever, and they're threatened because the new day is around the corner where people are generating their own power producing it for their own use, their own buildings They want to keep all the horses in the barn."

Albuquerque Journal Sunday August 3, 2009


· Southern N.M. plant to convert dairy-farm waste into biogas

Copyright © 2009 Albuquerque Journal

By Michael Hartranft
Journal Staff Writer

Fifty-thousand dairy cows in southern New Mexico figure into PNM's plans to meet the state's renewable energy requirements.

The utility plans to add biogas to its portfolio by purchasing methane gas derived from manure and send it by pipeline to natural gas-fired power plants, starting with the Luna generating plant near Deming.

"I find it really exciting," said Cynthia Bothwell, manager of PNM's Integrated Resource Planning Department.

"Instead of buying renewable energy, we're buying a renewable fuel and using that in our existing power plants to generate

PNM estimates the biogas production would generate the equivalent of 7,000 megawatt-hour renewable energy credits in 2010, growing to 62,000 megawatt-hours in 2012. That could power 1,060 and 9,400 households, respectively.

Like most renewables, methane gas is more expensive than traditional sources and PNM would pay a premium for the gas, subject to approval by the state Public Regulation Commission. According to testimony submitted to the PRC, that premium for the cost above natural gas is estimated at $205,000 in 2011. The utility is allowed to recover that cost from ratepayers.

"We don't need the commission's. approval just to buy the gas; we neec it for the renewable premium were paying for that gas," Bothwell said. "As soon the facility is complete, we will purchase the gas."

Digestion start-up

The methane gas would come from R-Qubed Energy Inc. of El Paso, a start-up company that plans to build a $72 million soil-enhancing liquid fertilizer and compost plant amid the dozen or so dairy farms strung along InterstatE 25 between Las Cruces and El Paso. Pipeline quality methane gas would be produced at the 60-acre site through a complex process in which bacteria break down organic materials in the absence of oxygen and produce "biogas" as a.waste product.

PNM would deliver the methane to its Luna plant about 65 m.iles away via an existing natural gas pipeline adjacent to the R-Qubed site.

"That's basically what the natural gas is we use in our plants - methane gas that is trapped underground. This one is above ground," Bothwell said. "It actually resolves some environmental problems the livestock industry has been having as well."

R-Qubed president Eddie Rodriguez, an attorney and former chief operating officer with the El Paso Electric Co., said the firm is getting funding squared away, which will be a combination of private investment and financing. The first of the plant's four' ''quadrants'' should be under construction by early next year and operational within 12 months. When fully built, it will employ 50 to 60 people.

Fertilizer and compost

Anaerobic digestion technology is a relatively new concept in the United States, Rodriguez said. "But is not a new concept in Europe and in other parts of the world," he said.

One of the companies working with R-Qubed, Austria-based Entec Biogas GmbH, has more than~30 years' experience in the digester business, building commercial applications in such places as Germany, Spain and Belgium, according to Rodriguez. Reynolds Inc. of Indiana is R-Qubed's other partner, providing the engineering know-how to build the waste-treatment and pipeline systems for the plant.

"I think effectively all the methane we produce PNM will take," Rodriguez said.

Any of PNM's natural gas plants could use the methane, Bothwell said, but Luna is the closest to the R-Qubed site and the one that's operated the most. None of the plants would require modification.

Albuquerque Journal Sunday August 3, 2009

Monday August 3, 2009 10:49

The liberal arts educated are usually not into technical matters.

We need to compel these people to focus on the data in order to get our $22,036 back.

But they are smart enough to know that if their victims are invisible then they can do anything they want.

Our Iran visibility ploy worked well. Matters need to get peacefully settled.

We need to solicit help from quality liberal arts educated. We will appeal to reason for help.

So we are switching focus to electricity. Electricity is an area we know something about.

A MorganStanley senior VP stated that solar electric generation is a scam. Let's investigate.

Whitman College is mounting a liberal arts approach to solar generation of electricity.

Typical passenger car and light truck alternators are rated around 50-70 amperes, though higher ratings are becoming more common.

As we have discussed before, the battery is the heart of your electrical system. But you need something to keep the battery charged or it will lose its charge and die. This is the job of the alternator. The alternator produces electricity and delivers this electricity to the battery and maintains a full charge at all times. If the voltage produced by the alternator goes above 13.5 - 14.5 volts, the battery will be ruined very quickly. It's the job of the voltage regulator to keep the output voltage between the 13.5 - 14.5 volt range.

Friday July 10, 2009 05:13

Let's look at some Sears charging system and battery advice.

Before scrutinizing Apollo gate electric properties, of course.

Keep in mind the a 5 watt solar charger puts out between "225 to 375mA" when the sun is shining, of course. And the panels are clean.


Marine and Deep Cycle recharging with a solar supply? Look at 105 AmpHr battery specs.

Making Green Power Greener comment.

Wednesday July 8, 2009 06:53
While researching this article I discovered a book titled, The Solar Fraud: Why Solar Energy Won't Run the World, by Howard C. Hayden, Professor Emeritus of Physics, retired from the University of Connecticut. Using mathematics, physics, and economics, he makes a compelling argument against most renwables. I myself have a degree in math and a background in physics and economics, and I found his points convincing.

But we're simply not going to see solar, in most of its manifestations, as an answer to our nation's energy needs in the foreseeable future, no matter how much money we throw at it. If they weren't subsidized, almost all renewable energy sources, except for those used in niche applications, would go away .

Eclipse bankruptcy

Solar Power 101

How many watts are consumed by a gate opening and closing?
BATTERY REQUIREMENTS: 12 volt car type battery. Apollo recommends a maintenance-free, deep cycle marine battery- 105 amp/hour. (not supplied)

Deep Cycle Battery FAQ

Battery powered operators provide up to 200 operations in the event of power outages.

OPEN OR CLOSE CYCLE TIME: Each direction, 15 seconds.

[How many amps at what voltages does the electric motor require?]

POWER OUTAGE: In the event of electrical power outage, or significantly overcast days, a fully charged deep cycle marine battery (recommended) will provide up to 300 cycles or 30 days usage on a basic system before requiring a recharge.

How many times can I open my SOLAR gate operator per day?

With average sunlight, the 5 Watt solar panel will put 10 to 15 cycles of power per day back into the battery. Keep in mind that as options are added to a system you may have to increase the solar wattage.

At what point should I be concerned about over-charging my battery?

In solar applications 20 Watts and higher a charging regulator should always be used. This not only protects the battery from over-charging, it also keeps the battery from discharging at night since our regulator contains a built in blocking diode. AC charged systems will not over-charge since the battery charger shuts off when the battery becomes fully charged.

When do I need a blocking diode for my solar panel?

The panel that comes with standard Apollo gate operators is an "amorphous" panel and will not discharge at night so it does not need a blocking diode. The 10 Watt and larger panels are "crystal silicone" panels and require a blocking diode or charging regulator that contains a blocking diode.

How much voltage should a solar panel produce?

The standard 5 Watt solar panel with our unit should produce between 13 and 20 volts, at a current output of 225 to 375mA. These ranges are affected by the amount of sunlight and the orientation of the panel. Remember that even if a solar panel is producing voltage, it must also be producing adequate current in order to charge the battery.

standard 5 Watt solar panel

Reviews of 12 Volt Solar Battery Chargers.

Essential non-BTU-wasting travel focused on solar-charged devices seen in New Mexico and looking at house FOR SALE signs.

In the morning we travelled down Rio Grande Bvld as were surprised the the great number of FOR SALE signs. We toured the Growers Market.

At about 10:30 we travelled from Albuquerque, NM through Galesteo, NM to Lamy, NM then to El Dorado, NM.

Then returned back to Galesteo, NM to Cerillos, NM through Madrid, NM back to Albuquerque, NM. About 200 miles of essential non-BTU-wasting travel.

Gate in Lamy, NM photographed July 4, 2009.

Old solar panels are disconnected and broken.

Solar speed indicators are placed on the south and north side of Galesteo. Below is the north indicator.

Inside Cerillos, NM Mining Museaum.

$20 purchased

Madrid, New Mexico.

The Mine Shaft Saloon is straight ahead.

Bill Bonner describes:
But when we got to the little town of Madrid, New Mexico, only one word seemed to work: funky. Without it, the town couldn’t exist.

Madrid is an old mining town that had become a ghost town by the mid-1900s. It was rediscovered by hippies in the 1960s. The hippies were attracted by the remoteness and desolation of the place. They could do what they wanted here; nobody seemed to care. They lived in old school buses, teepees and abandoned mining shacks. They planted marijuana in the hills, sold tie-dyed Grateful Dead T- shirts to the tourists, collected junk…and enjoyed watching tumbleweeds blow through town.

Nothing is quite straight in Madrid. The houses lean. The floors sink. The people drift.

The houses and retail shops deserve description. They are encyclopedic in their illustration of dereliction, degradation, abject desolation, disrepair, trashy disintegration and makeshift decrepitude. One of them fascinated us. It was a "company house," no doubt, built for the miners who once inhabited the place. But it had not been touched by a paintbrush since the Coolidge administration. Windows were broken out; in their place were pieces of cardboard or plywood. And the porch roof had been entirely ruined, so that rain fell directly onto the floor, which was fast settling into a kind of rot. Some of the houses in Madrid seemed to be suffering from dry rot. Others from wet rot. And still others from kinds of rot that have not yet been cataloged.

The Madrilenos seemed to be a bit rotten too. The old hippies still hate corporate capitalism, but now their hair has grown gray…their beards are white… and their principles, whatever they once were, have given way to the general desuetude of the surroundings. They sell whatever the tourists will buy…though their main product is the counterculture itself. A T-shirt, for example, proclaims: "Homeland Security…fighting terror since 1492." The picture on it is of Geronimo with a group of armed Apaches.

The Mine Shaft Saloon is a local hangout. It is a friendly place with a broad bar and dollar bills pasted up on the wall…each one with someone’s name on it. Country music plays loudly…

Several cowboys sat on bar stools drinking their beer, when we came in. The barmaid seemed as busy as a firefighter - trying to keep up with the demand for beer. Cowboys and tourists sat at the tables. One man in a Stetson hat leaned on a walker as he made his way to the bathroom.

One of the men at the bar was a typical and unmemorable fellow in jeans and T-shirt. Another was a strange, big- bellied character with black muttonchop whiskers and eyes that hadn’t seen straight in years. But what caught our attention was the woman who moved between them. Flirting with the first man…and then, when he ignored her…she moved onto the second. If it was a paramour she was seeking, she seemed to be in the wrong place. Then again, she seemed to be the wrong woman, too. She had tattoos up and down her arm…and wore a dress that took all the form out of her. This left the viewer’s eye with nothing to focus upon but the hideous tattoos…and the face.

The poor woman was no beauty. She was no young filly either. Not that she was old; she simply looked as though she had been ridden too hard. She had long dark hair…which framed a bad complexion and a missing tooth.

After a few minutes, she was joined by another woman of about the same age. This one had just come in from outside, where a thunderstorm had caught her. She was wearing a pair of overalls with the legs cut off…and a pair of hiking boots. Her hair was plastered down from the rain…her clothes were soaked…and water glistened from her bare legs. The slippery, wet legs were pretty and well shaped. In fact, the woman might have been attractive, but she too looked as though she needed a vacation, and a tooth.

Key pad for gate just north of Golden, NM.

Nameplate on box reads Apollo.

Friday July 3, 2009 10:35

Concern about solar and wind electricity generations has been raised by

fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical

and Keith O. Rattie said on April 2, 2009
Why did my generation fail to develop wind and solar? Because our energy choices are ruthlessly ruled, not by political judgments, but by the immutable laws of thermodynamics. In engineer-speak, turning diffused sources of energy such as photons in sunlight or the kinetic energy in wind requires massive investment to concentrate that energy into a form that's usable on any meaningful scale.

Eclipse Aviation.

Solar Site Caution Urged

Land Selection
Impact at Issue

By Susan Montoya Bryan
The Associated Press

As efforts to build solar-power facilities on public land in New Mexico gain steam, some experts say federal officials should proceed cautiously as they consider where to put them.

Interior Secretary Ken Salazar announced this week that the Bureau of Land Management will fast-track efforts to build solar power generating facilities on public space in six Western states, including New Mexico.

The department has set aside nearly 190 square miles in southern New Mexico for two years of study and environmental review to determine where solar power stations should be built. One parcel is bordered by White Sands Missile Range, and the other two are west and south of Las Cruces. Harnessing the sun's energy is nothing new here, but using public land to build solar plants is uncharted territory for an agency known for managing oil and gas exploration, grazing and recreation.

"As far as BLM New Mexico goes, it's like babies in a crib," said Bill Merhege, deputy state BLM director for lands and resources. "We're learning as we go."

The BLM said it will carefully review the potential impacts of designating solar energy areas.

"These solar facilities are going to result in the land going from multiple-use lands to a single use, pretty much," he said. "They are going to eliminate all the vegetation where the solar panels are going in, and basically you're going to have a carpet of glass out there with a buffer zone around it."

Abbas Ghassemi, director of New Mexico State University's Institute for Energy and the Environment, said the agency has an opportunity to steer a burgeoning industry in a direction that will not result in a legacy like that left behind by coal-fired power plants and strip mines.

PNM Files Outline On Renewable Goals

PNM has filed a plan with state regulators that spells out how it will meet the state's requirement for renewable energy in 2010, using a combination of solar, wind, biogas and purchases of renewable energy credits to meet the requirement that 6 percent generated from renewable resources. To meet the higher percentage, PNM stated in its filing with the Public Regulation Commission that it's working to secure agreements to construct about 70 megawatts of combined wind and solar generation facilities.

Albuquerque Journal Friday July 3, 2009

Thursday July 2, 2009 17:29
Wildearth guardians location.

Sent: Thursday, July 2, 2009 12:39:53 PM GMT -07:00 US/Canada Mountain
Subject: NM renewables

Ms Sobel

There may be a BTU IN problem with solar and wind electric energy. regards

A phone call Wednesday July 1, 2009 to a retired electronic rep revealed that member of the semiconductor industry reported that some in congress wish to repeal the laws of thermodynamics so that solar and wind can succeed.

Wind, Backup Power and Emissions Fast Neutron question.

An Unexpected Solution to our Energy and Climate Crises HEAT RATE comment.

PNM forecaster Steve Martin alerted us about new construction as the principal factor in increased electric load. See FOIL 1.

We question whether altenergy has the BTUs IN for advertised BTUs OUT.

Eclipse Aviation.

Investment money may be harder to find after Eclipse, especially for projects which may violate the laws of thermodynamics.

According to one study, wind energy alone in New Mexico could provide 20,000 construction jobs for large-scale wind projects with 52,000 jobs in operation and maintenance over 20 years, yielding an income of $6.4 billion.

N.M. Renewable Way to Energy Independence

WildEarth Guardians

This Independence Day, we have a lot to celebrate - including the initial steps in passing America's first piece of climate legislation. The American Clean Energy and Security Act cleared the House of Representatives last Friday, and many people are applauding its passage.

Unfortunately, the bill falls short of President Obama's campaign vision to transition America's economy to clean energy and energy independence, while creating millions of new jobs. If we are to mark the era for true energy independence, there is much more work to be done.

In short, the bill repeals a key part of the Clean Air Act and doesn't do nearly enough to shift America to renewable energy. Instead of a boom in solar and wind, the bill locks us into dirty coal power for another generation. Is this the type of independence we should be celebrating?

Much like our forefathers who fought to gain autonomy from oppressive British rule, today our nation lives under the oppressive thumb of foreign oil, dirty energy and a climate crisis that will change the way we live. We are being held hostage to volatile gas prices, as Americans send hundreds of billions of dollars overseas each year.

Our dependence on foreign oil leaves our nation vulnerable to unstable and hostile regimes, burdening our military and their families. Additionally, our reliance on dirty energy continues to cost us - the average annual household energy spending has increased approximately $1,000 between 2001 and 2007.

While western New Mexico boasts some of the best solar potential on the planet and eastern New Mexico sports some of the best available wind, our state still ranks 48 among 50 in its use of alternative energy. Worse yet, we are importing energy from elsewhere and losing valuable opportunities to generate revenue and create jobs here at home.

It doesn't have to be this way. This Independence Day marks the opportunity for a new kind of revolution - an energy revolution which will not only enable our children to inherit a truly independent America, but will also salvage our economy while preserving our public health in the process.

New Mexico stands to profit substantially from this clean-energy future. According to one study, wind energy alone in New Mexico could provide 20,000 construction jobs for large-scale wind projects with 52,000 jobs in operation and maintenance over 20 years, yielding an income of $6.4 billion.

Hybrid cars are selling as fast as companies can make them. Mass transit usage is up as are bicycle sales. People are also transitioning to more sustainable, local food sources. Today, there are more than 4,600 farmers markets operating throughout the nation. The message these statistics send is clear: Amen- cans are ready to claim our independence - not only from foreign oil, but also from unsustainable production practices to meet our daily needs.

Some of our leaders are already speaking out. Nearly 50 members of Congress, led by Reps. Chellie Pingree and Keith Ellison, signed a letter calling for the Clean Energy Security Act to be strengthened. Rep. Lloyd Doggett was one of several who spoke out on the day of the vote, saying, "The fine print [in the bull betrays its laudable purpose. The real cap is on the public interest and the trade is from the public to the polluters."

But while our national leaders are struggling to chart our course for energy independence, will New Mexico's leaders be ready to take advantage of the opportunity?

More than any other state in the nation, we have the unique possibility of generating 100 percent of our electric needs from clean and renewable energy. We could more than meet the state's electric demand by covering less than 2 percent of White Sands Missile Range with satellite-grade PV.

New Mexico should celebrate this Fourth of July with a plan to achieve our own energy independence - one that values the word's true meaning and works to secure a more profitable future for all of our families.

Albuquerque Journal Thursday July 2, 2009

Wednesday July 1, 2009 06:36

Feds Propose 24 Solar Energy Zones, Promise Speedier Evaluations comment

Follow Smart Money into Clean Energy comment.

PNM wrote that HEAT RATE [BTU/kWh] does not apply [N/A] to solar- and wind-generated electricity.

See FOIL 7.
Most of the other questions in this list can be tied up into this one question: does the invention defy the Laws of Thermodynamics? If the answer is yes, then something is wrong.


Eclipse Aviation.
There are many cases of con men with engines that only appear to run on alternative energy.

Concern about solar and wind electricity generations has been raised by

fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical

and Keith O. Rattie said on April 2, 2009
Why did my generation fail to develop wind and solar? Because our energy choices are ruthlessly ruled, not by political judgments, but by the immutable laws of thermodynamics. In engineer-speak, turning diffused sources of energy such as photons in sunlight or the kinetic energy in wind requires massive investment to concentrate that energy into a form that's usable on any meaningful scale.

----- Forwarded Message -----
Sent: Tuesday, June 30, 2009 10:24:42 AM GMT -07:00 US/Canada Mountain
Subject: Thank you for contacting PNM

Thank you for contacting PNM.

You will receive a response from us within two business days. The e-mail you sent to us can be reviewed below.

Name: bill payne
Phone: 292-7037
Message: No promised Dobn Brown response so far

Please do not reply to this e-mail, which is generated automatically. The 'From' address in this e-mail does not receive mail. However, your e-mail has been received by PNM and you will receive a response.

You can also contact PNM at 241-2700 during business hours: Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.-5 p.m..

If you are reporting an emergency - for examples, a gas leak or an electricity line down - please call 246-5700 or (800) 687-7854. You can report emergencies to that number 24 hours a day, seven days a week. ********

Go Solar - Hundreds of New Mexicans are creating their own electricity using the sun. Through the PNM solar photovoltaic (PV) program, you can get financial incentives for installing solar - along with state and federal tax credits for 40 percent of the cost of your system.

Here's how the PNM PV incentives program work: When you produce electricity, it reduces your energy bill from PNM. Plus, PNM pays you 13 cents per kilowatt-hour for all the energy produced by your solar system, helping PNM meet its environmental goals.

Installing a PV system doesn't require you to build a special house or be an energy expert. There are certain steps required. Learn more about the program and what you need to get started at

Solar Panels cut utility bills, can generate green

By Rick Nathanson
Journal Staff Writer

our house may be pour castle, but it also can be turned into a power- generating station that harnesses the sun's energy and sharply reduces utility. bills.

With a moderate upfront investment, supplemented by state and federal tax credits, homeowners can purchase solar photovoltaic panels that supply most of the home's electricity, with the excess being sold back to the Public Service Company of New Mexico. They also can instal solar thermal panels to heat the home's water tank.

Solar photovoltaic and solar thermal systems qualify for a state income tax credit of 10 percent of the total cost and a federal income tax credit of 30 percent of the total cost.

In addition, PNM offers solar electric incentives as part of its efforts to meet government mandates.

According to PNM spokeswoman Susan Sponar state law requires that increasing amounts of the electricity PNM sells to its customers must come from renewable sources.

People who install solar photovoltaic systems on their homes can get a renewable energy credit of 13 cents for each kilowatt hour produced. "This means we're paying you for the energy you produce using a renewable energy source that's connected to the grid,"

Sponar says. "It's as if we consider your house part of our generation system." PNM also offers net metering in which excess solar electricity that is created but not used gets fed back into the PNM power grid. The homeowner is paid 8.5 cents per kilowatt hour, the same rate PNM charges its residential customers.

Although it's easier and more efficient to plan renewable energy systems for homes as they are being constructed, they still work fine as retrofits in existing homes, says Chris Karsa, the technical sales manager for Albuquerque-based DPW Solar.

DPW evaluates a year's worth of a customer's electric bills to determine the average daily usage, Karsa says. Based on that, it designs an appropriately sized home system. The panels can be mounted on a roof, to a wall or attached to ground supports.

Homeowners in -Albuquerque use an average of 25 kilowatt hours of electricity daily, Karsa says. To zero-out their electric bill, factoring in current PNM rebate programs, they would need a 2.8-kilowatt (2,800 watts) system.

Each solar panel measures 33 inches by 62 inches. To generate enough electricity -the home would have to accommodate 16 panels, -or about 250 square feet of space.

That size photovoltaic system would cost about $17,000, but 40 percent of the cost, or $6,800, would be paid with the state and federal income tax credits. In addition, the state waives the sales tax, which would have added about $1,147.

With the rebate programs from PNM, the system would pay for itself in about 11 years, Karsa estimates. The solar systems are warranted for 25 years though they can produce power for up to 40 years. "Electricity after year 11 is basically free."

Another local company, 310 Solar, installs solar panels for a home's domestic hot water system, as well as installs photovoltaic systems.

John Paulson, a co-owner of 310 Solar, says the passive solar collector panels can be roof-, wall- or ground-mounted. Within the therma: panels are copper tubes fillec with a glycol compound. The tubes run in a loop between the panel and a special 80- or 120-gallon water tank inside the home. As the glycol is pumped through that loop, it picks up solar heat from the panels and transfers it via a heat exchanger to the water in the tank. Controls on the tank allow the homeowner to set the water temperature.

An average size system requiring two panels can reduce a home's domestic hot water utility bill by 90 percent, Paulson says. The system sells for about $7,200, but after the 40 percent tax credits from the federal and state governments, the net cost to the homeowner would be about $4,300.

Again, the state waives the sales tax.

Albuquerque Journal Sunday June 21, 2009

Powering Up Navajos' Homes

· $500,000 grant will provide electricity systems to 25 dwellings

By James Monteleone
The Daily Times

An American Indian-owned renewable energy company was awarded a $500,000 federal grant to build and install self-sustaining solar electricity systems for homes without power in remote areas of the Navajo Nation.

With the funding, Sacred Power Corp. will provide 25 homes with electricity in Tonalea Chapter, located approximately 100 miles north of Flagstaff.

The grant was awarded through the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Sacred Power provides the 800-watt renewable energy systems equipped with solar panels, batteries, control systems and a backup 400-watt wind turbine or 3.4-kilowatt propane generator. The systems are built in Albuquerque and trucked to Navajo Nation residences to be installed.

Each complete electrical system costs approximately $20,000. But that cost is less than the expense of connecting remote homes to existing electrical grids, Sacred Power CEO David Melton said.

"It's highly unlikely that the grid will ever get to some of these homes," Melton said. "There's not a cluster of homes, because the way the Navajo Nation is laid out, they're spaced out."

Sacred Power works with chapter leaders to identify homes without power that are most in need of the service. With an estimated 18,000 homes on the Navajo Nation without electricity, powering 25 additional homes with the latest funding is just beginning to scratch the surface ol those in need, Melton said.

Albuquerque Journal Sunday June 21, 2009

Grant awarded to rig Navajo homes with solar power

Albuquerque Journal Tuesday June 30, 2009

We wonder if solar power can run an electric dryer?

Monday June 29, 2009 10:27

NCUA preparation.

QOTD: Renewables Investing Passed Fossil Fuels in 2008 comment.

New Way To Harvest Sunlight

Firms Unveil Technology at Sandia Labs

By John Fleck
Journal Staff Writer

The sunlight danced in and out of Albuquerque's cloud earlier this week as a pair of energy companies joined federal researchers to take the wraps off of a new solar technology.

The technology, which use dish mirrors to focus the sun's energy on an electricity generator, is already under contract for three solar pow plants, said Robert Lukefahr head of Tessera Solar.

Officials from Tessera, technology developer Stirlin Energy Systems and Sandia National Laboratories gathered at Sandia's solar energy test lab Tuesday to show off four prototypes of the power system to representatives of electricity utilities who by 2010 hope to be buying electricity from the devices.

Stirling has been working with Sandia for more than a decade on the technology, using Sandia's Solar Thermal Test Facility as a test bed for the device.

It uses a curved array of mirrors to focus the sun's energy on an engine that extracts heat to generate electricity.

Tessera will use

Stirling's technology to build power plants, selling the electricity to power companies. Contracts are already in place to build three power plants, company officials said Tuesday - with Southern California Edison, San Diego Gas and Electric and CPS Energy in West Texas.

One of the system's strengths, according to Tessera CEO Robert Lukefahn, is that it does not require water for cooling. Water consumption used for cooling in some solar power plants has become an issue in the desert southwest, especially in the deserts of California.

Albuquerque Journal Saturday June 27, 2009

Solar Plant Water Usage A Concern

Power Community Seeks Consumption Alternatives

John Fleck
Jun 28, 2009 (Albuquerque Journal - McClatchy-Tribune Information Services via COMTEX)

Experts note there is nothing special about this particular version of the energy-water debate. Many other sources of electricity, especially coal and nuclear power, use large quantities of water for power plant cooling, just as the new solar plants do.

In New Mexico, in fact, the biggest water hog on the new energy horizon is a big new coal plant proposed for northwestern New Mexico. Meanwhile, solar advocates point to alternative types of sun-fueled power plants they say can pro- duce electricity while cutting back on the amount of water consumed.

Concern about solar and wind electricity generations has been raised by

fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical

and Keith O. Rattie said on April 2, 2009
Why did my generation fail to develop wind and solar? Because our energy choices are ruthlessly ruled, not by political judgments, but by the immutable laws of thermodynamics. In engineer-speak, turning diffused sources of energy such as photons in sunlight or the kinetic energy in wind requires massive investment to concentrate that energy into a form that's usable on any meaningful scale.

Sunday June 28, 2009 21:06

Let's ask Aaron Hand to comment on
fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical

Tweet or Consequences

These days, people are getting the information they need for their jobs and lives in all sorts of new ways. Not that we were twiddling our thumbs before, but journalists have had to become familiar with a whole new set of tools to stay ahead. And while we previously considered ourselves disseminators of information, our new role has become increasingly as facilitators of information.

In many ways, of course, our roles are the same. We still interview key players in the industry, gather information and write articles. But that's become just one piece of a larger puzzle. We started with blogs, tried to become a little less objective, a little more analytical, encouraging people to debate the whys and wherefores. Now there's Twitter, Facebook, Linkedln and more, and if we're not helping to get the discussion going there, then there's no place for us in the new media realm.

I avoided Facebook for a long time, and never really understood the draw. But it turns out I enjoy keeping up with a network of friends, staying involved with their lives despite the miles of separation, and hearing all the latest without a longer exchange of e-mails.

The harder part has been resolving Facebook's role as a professional vs. a personal social networking space. Semiconductor International, for example, has launched two groups on Facebook - one called Semiconductor Manufacturing (with >600 members), and the other called Photovoltaic Solar Cell Manufacturing (with almost 400 members). But what do I do when somebody from our Semiconductor Manufacturing group wants to friend me? Do they really want to hear that our twins got a trampoline for their seventh birthday?

For at least the time being, the answer seems to be Linkedln, where it is generally accepted that the discussion will he of a more professional nature. Our Linkedln groups have been more enthusiastic, growing to -2000 members in each of the two groups (Semiconductor Manufacturing and Photovoltaic Solar Cell Manufacturing) after just a month of existence, and fostering a lively discussion on several key topics.

But whichever platform you feel more comfortable with, it's ultimately about choices. If you follow Semiconductor International on Twitter (twittercom/Semilntl), for example, much of what you'll receive are quick synopses and links to our latest online articles. Why, then, not just sign up for one or more of our RSS feeds ( In fact, either would work, and it's simply a matter of where you spend more of your time - on Twitter or in your RSS reader - and what's more comfortable for you. On the other hand, if you follow me on (twitter, it's not very often that I'll feed you links of SI articles. Although I share the occasional SI link, I also throw other thoughts out, linking to bits of information I've found all over the web. Because photovoltaics is taking much of my focus these days, the discussion from there is often PV-related, but not always (but I promise to never tell you what I ate for breakfast).

And speaking of photovoltaics, we've got a whole other slew of activity going on there as well, some of which you may have already noticed, and more of which are just around the bend. Much like the new commu- Aai nication channels are to print, PV is to semiconductors. Exer The semiconductor industry has a renewed opportunity Elec to impart much of its wisdom on a fledgling industry that is desperate to learn the secrets of reducing manufacturing costs through automation and reduced waste, among others.

Many in the semiconductor field are looking for ways to get involved in the burgeoning PV industry, and to

Follow, tweet, friend or link.., or just read on.

learn more about the market and technical needs. And while we have been delivering news of PV manufacturing through our website for years, it's again a matter of available choices for receiving that information. You may have noticed, for example, our new PV Current section in the print magazine (p. 13), where we will focus on the latest technical and market updates in the photovoltaics industry - columns, podeast excerpts, multi-page technical features and more. Or perhaps you're already subscribed to our latest newsletter, Phorovoltaics Report, a weekly roundup of the latest PV news and developments.

There are more outlets on the way, and we'll certainly let you know when they're available. But in the meantime, we'd love to get your feedback on how you'd most like to receive information from us - what you like and don't like, and what you need us to tackie next. Admittedly, much of this is experimental for us, just as it is for many of you. So follow, tweet, friend or link... or just read on.

Photovoltaics on Track for Long-Term Role

Craig Hunter is vice president and general manager of the solar business at Intermolecular (San Jose), which specializes in combinatorial R&D. Before joining Intermolecular early this year, Hunter was an entrepreneur in residence at Sequoia Capital, focused on the photovoltaics industry; and previously had worked at Applied Materials, where he led the company's entry into the thin-film solar business. In this interview, Hunter discusses the economic and technical future of PM

Listen to the full interview at

SI: Intermolecular is known as a company that assists chipmakers, material suppliers and equipment manufacturers with their R&D, and they do this by producing data very quickly by carrying multiple experiments in parallel. How will this translate into the photovoltaic arena?

Hunter: This combinatorial method of R&D really is very applicable to working with crystalline silicon devices, with thin-film silicon devices, with cadmium telluride, CIGS, and even with future devices such as inorganic or organic PV devices. Because in all of these cases, we're working with semiconductor materials, we're working with dielectric materials, we're working with device integration challenges. So it's very much analogous to what's been taking place in semiconductor. Of course the nature of the industry is quite different in many respects, but the integration challenges and the need for rapid learning is similar in both cases. ... In the case of solar, companies generally spend quite a bit less in R&D on an absolute as well as a percentage of revenue basis. But the need for learning to drive higher and higher conversion efficiencies, to drive lower and lower manufacturing costs, is similar.

SI: There's no question that we must go into alternative, renewable sources of energy. In the case, particularly, of photovoltaics, however, the expansion that the industry has experienced has been mostly due to the government subsidies that they've received. Now, in this sad economic situation that the whole planet is undergoing, how do you see that situation working out?

Hunter: I think that the dynamic is already in place for a very long-term role for PV. In fact, I would say there's no turning back. The PV industry, even though it's been supported in recent years and will be supported the next few years by government incentive programs, the scale is already being developed - has already been deployed and is being deployed - where the manufacturing economics are going to be there.

The way I tend to look at the dynamic in the industry is I came from the LCD industry; I was working previously in the LCD subsidiary of Applied Materials, and I saw in that industry a very interesting business dynamic. Flat panel displays - LCD technology - has been around for a while. But back in the early 1990s, that technology was very expensive to manufacture, and in fact the performance was not very good. And here today we're talking about LCD technologies, I think, rapidly approaching 50% market share for the global television industry, if it's not already surpassed that. And how did that happen? How did it go from very high cost, poor performance to very low cost, great performance? What happened was the LCD industry found a killer application, which was notebook screens, where there was no competing technology. And people were willing to pay high prices for relatively poor performance at that time because there was no choice. For a laptop computer, you needed a flat screen that was lightweight, and it didn't matter that it wasn't as good as the CRT on your desktop; you just needed it to be part of your computer. The scale of that application was big enough that companies were able to develop real manufacturing scale. ... And there's been more than 95-97% cost reduction over the course of 12 years in terms of the dollars per square meter to manufacture an LCD, and at the same time they were able to get the performance up.

Now I look at solar and I say, Okay, what's going on there? Is there a similar analog? Is there a killer application where people would be willing to pay a relatively high price for a solar panel for a relatively low performance today, at this stage of the technology development? And the computer application analog for solar. But what solar has is governments that are willing to play that role; governments that are willing to step in and provide an incentive structure to say, "Okay, we want this technology to work. It's important for the future of the world to have a clean source of energy..."

And they've put enough of an incentive on the table over the last number of years that it's drawn big companies and small with a variety of technologies into the industry. And now the scale is being developed where that learning curve I mentioned in LCD is really starting to rake place already in a big way in the solar industry. So if you strip away everything - even if incentives were to completely die tomorrow, it's my opinion that the scale of the industry is already significant enough, and the cost position of the industry is already low enough that it's a sustainable industry. Now, that's not going to happen. There are government incentives, and in fact if anything, there's a trend toward more government incentives being deployed for solar. So I think you have all the makings of a genuine serious-scale industry that's going to be on a learning curve to drive lower and lower cost.

Alexander E. Braun, Senior Editor

Sunday June 28, 2009 07:26

1kWh = 3412.14163 BTU.

Solar may be headed for trouble if Fast Neutron is correct.

Predicting Oil and Gas Prices: 2009-2016 NCUA comment.

Utility Solar Power Grew 25 Percent in 2008 comment.

Some Renewable Energy Calculations comment.

China's Solar Market Heats Up comment.

Eclipse Aviation was Albuquerque, New Mexico last business disaster.

County Jumps In To Save Solar Deal

· Sun Cal couldn't meet deadline for property acquisition

Copyright © 2009
Albuquerque Journal

By Sean Olson
Journal Staff Writer

Bernalillo County will have to spend $4.5 million to acquire land for a proposed solar marufacturing site on the far West Side because developer SunCal Cos. couldn't meet deadlines for the project.

SunCal was supposed to acquire and donate the property for the proposed Solar Array Ventures Inc. operation in exchange for the county taking over the developer's obligation to build a waterline to the project.

Bernalillo County Manager Thaddeus Lucero said SunCal could not meet a Solar Array Ventures, or SAVe, timeline to acquire the land, forcing the county to take on both the land acquisition and water-line construction responsibilities at a cost of about $8.5 million.

"We can't wait. No one wants to wait," Lucero said.

The county now will fund the project with bond proceeds, but will be paid back through $8.5 million in state money promised by Gov. Bill Richardson's administration. The state money will be doled out to the county over about two years, county economic development coordinator Daniel Gutierrez said. The county will still have to pay some interest on its bonds, he said.

The land donation is part of a nearly $200 million incentive package for the solar manufacturer, which expects to employ about 200 workers by 2010 and eventually more than 1,000.

SunCal has already built more than 1,500 feet of the roughly 2.5 miles of water line needed and is still responsible for grading the land used in the project.

SunCal spokesman David Soyka said in a statement that his company was unable to meet the SAVe deadline to acquire the land and break ground on the project but would continue with the grading process.

SunCal was originally responsible for completing the entire pipeline through a development agreement with the city-county Water Utility Authority. SunCal would have recovered its costs through fees charged to businesses or homes that later hooked into the water line.

But an incentives package the county prepared for SAVe in April expedited the project. In that deal, SunCal would have footed the bill for a $4.Smillion parcel of land- of which it already own~ a minority interest - and would then have been reimbursed through the county bond proceeds.

Lucero said the county spoke with SunCal last week and learned the company would need 45 to 60 more days to get financing for its share of the upfront costs. That didn't meet SAVe's timeline to break ground on its plant, so the county decided to bypass Sun-Cal and use its bond proceeds to fund the project directly, he said.

Gutierrez said the county couldn't take any chances with delays when it is trying to facilitate a company that would bring high-paying jobs to the county.

"We feel we have a responsibility to keep our obligations (to SAVe)," he said.

Former County. Commissioner Deanna Archuleta said in April that SunCal was not totally off the hook for the project because. they would still be donating land, donating rights of way and had paid for the water line's design.

The Journal asked SunCal to list all its financial obligations related to the. project, including donations. Soyka, in his statement, said Sun-Cal is responsible for grading work. He did not list any other obligations.

SunCal is still responsible for any extensions of the water line extending past the planned SAVe plant through its development agreement with the water authority. Extension of the water line would serve any companies SunCal brings to New Mexico as part of its own West Side development.

The water authority originally approved SunCal's application for the water line to facilitate Tesla Motors, which had been shopping for plant space in New Mexico. When Tesla later decided to locate in California, the agreement was still valid.

Albuquerque Journal Monday June 22, 2009

Emcore First Firm To Sign Up for PNM's Incentive Program

Copyright © 2009
Albuquerque Journal

Br Michael Hartranft
Journal Staff Writer

Emcore Corp. has become the first of what PNM hopes is a parade of customers to take advantage of the power company's new solar energy incentive program for large photovoltaic systems.

The Albuquerque-based maker of compound semiconductors and systems for the fiber optic and solar power markets said it will be able to produce 114 kilowatts of solar power on-site to feed to the company's buildings and manufacturing operations through through a PNM-approve& meter.

Its 20-year agreement with PNM, to be officially unveiled today at Emcore, makes it the first participant in PNM's large distributed generation solar power program,

The PNM program, approved by state regulators in December, is for solar photovoltaic systems greater than 10 kilowatts up to 1 megawatt. It and a similar incentive program for systems 10 kilowatts or less are intended to expand PNM's portfolio of renewable energy source and help it meet its environmental goals.

"This is a significant milestone in advancing solar power applications for both Emcore and PNM," Emcore CEO Christopher Larocca said in a statement. "The (distributed generation) program allows power to be generated close to the point of use and distributed without a comprehensive transmission infrastructure."

Emcore has installed second- and third-generation Emcore concentrator photovoltaics systems next to its headquarters. The company said it has put in 1-megawatt-plus systems at seven sites throughout the world, but this is the first "distributed generation" application.

Participants in the large photovoltaic program are credited 15 cents per kilowatt hour for energy they generate and consume on site in a given billing period. Those who produce more electricity that they use during that time receive additional credit for the excess, paid at the rate it would have cost PNM to produce. If they use more than what they produce, they are charged at the usual business rate. Whenever the balance in the customer's account reaches $200 or more, PNM sends a check.

PNM spokeswoman Cathleen Garber said the photovoltaic programs help the company meet its state-mandated Renewable Portfolio Standards. PNM is required to generate 6 percent of its retail energy from renewable sources until 2011, when the percent requirement increases to 10 percent. It moves to 15 percent in 2015 and 20 percent in 2020. The standards also requires that wind and solar resources each account for at least 20 percent of the requirement, with non-wind and non-solar resources making up no less than 10 percent.

Albuquerque Journal Thursday June 25, 2009

Major provisions of House climate and energy bill

By The Associated Press
On Saturday June 27, 2009, 8:22 am EDT

-- Requiring electric utilities to produce at least 12 percent of their power from renewable sources such wind and solar energy by 2020, and requiring as much as 8 percent in energy efficiency savings.

China's Solar Market Heats Up comment.

Comment submitted to made it!

MSM filters for business reasons.

Tuesday June 16, 2009 19:14

U.S. Could Have 10% Renewable Energy by 2020 - If Policy, Money Line Up comment.

----- Forwarded Message -----
Sent: Tuesday, June 16, 2009 9:39:59 AM GMT -08:00 Tijuana / Baja California
Subject: Thank you for contacting PNM

Thank you for contacting PNM.

You will receive a response from us within one business day. The e-mail you sent to us can be reviewed below.

Name: bill payne
Phone: 505-292-7037
Message: Thanks

Please do not reply to this e-mail, which is generated automatically. The 'From' address in this e-mail does not receive mail. However, your e-mail has been received by PNM and you will receive a response.

You can also contact PNM at 241-2700 during business hours: Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.-5 p.m..

If you are reporting an emergency - for examples, a gas leak or an electricity line down - please call 246-5700 or (800) 687-7854. You can report emergencies to that number 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

We believe that PNM may have the data from its Algodones solar arrray to shed light on whether Fast Neuton's solar electric assertions are correct or not.

Brown's email read Tuesday June 16, 2009

----- Forwarded Message -----
From: "Don Brown"
Sent: Tuesday, May 12, 2009 2:53:11 PM GMT -08:00 Tijuana / Baja California
Subject: FW: Rebates

Bill, got your request for answer to the following questions. I have an inquiry into our generation folks and will be in touch. Thanks. db

1 What is the purpose of the PNM Algodones solar facility?

2 Is the PNM Algodones solar facility connected to the grid?

3 What is the CAPACITY FACTOR of the PNM Algodones solar facility by month from September 2007 through March 2009?

Please provide a plot similar to the ITRON SGIP Figure 3-1.

4 How many kWh [kilowatt HOURS] of electricity per month from September 2007 through March 2009 does the PNM Algodones solar facility produce? Table presentation please.

5 What is the average peak output [kW] of the PNM Algodones solar facility for each hour [24] for each month of the year from September 2007 through March 2009? Table presentation please.

-----Original Message-----
From: James, Sharon
Sent: Tuesday, May 12, 2009 2:54 PM
To: Brown, Don
Subject: FW: Rebates

Hello Don - This email came through our rebate website. Thanks. Sharon

-----Original Message-----
From: []
Sent: Tuesday, May 12, 2009 1:04 PM
To: van Moorsel, Emma; James, Sharon
Subject: Rebates

Name: bill payne
Phone: 505-292-7037
Message: Please help us to get Don Brown to reply to litigimate
questions about PNM Algodones solar array.

These answers may be important because of Solar Array is the fourth
solar manufacturing venture planned, under construction or operating in
New Mexico, joining Schott Solar, Advent Solar and Signet Solar.

Thanks. fpeak

China Becomes Global Green Leader with Massive Solar Projects comment.

We are on a first name basis with Greg Nelson as a result of attending the PNM electric irp.

This was conducted over a period of about a year with 17 essential sessions.

A 229 page final report was submitted to New Mexico Public Regulation Commission.

We are also stockholders in PNM.

Let's ask Nelson to comment on
fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical

for stockholders and investors reasons.

Lots of money to be made in altenergy in New Mexico.
17.9.572.6 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this rule is to implement the Renewable Energy Act, NMSA 1978 Section 62-16-1, et seq., and to bring significant economic development and environmental benefits to New Mexico. [17.9.572.6 NMAC - Rp, 17.9.572.6 NMAC, 8-30-07]

The REA and Rule 572 established an RPS applicable to all investor owned electric utilities in New Mexico. In 2006, the RPS will be 5% of retail sales in kWh’s, reaching 10% by the year 2011. Recent legislative changes to the REA (SB418, signed March 5, 2007 by Governor Bill Richardson) have increased the RPS percentages and extended the time lines - IOU’s now must have in their portfolio as a percentage of total retail sales to New Mexico customers, renewable energy of no less than 15% (by 2015) and 20% (by 2020).

Resource Diversity and the RPS

In addition to the RPS, Rule 572 requires that IOU’s must offer a voluntary renewable energy program to their customers. In addition to and within the total portfolio percentage requirements, utilities must design their public utility procurement plans to achieve a fully diversified renewable energy portfolio no later than January 1, 2011, as follows:

Diversity requirements for IOU’s as % of total RPS requirement:
No less than 20% Wind
No less than 20% Solar
No less than 10% Other technologies
No less than 1.5% Distributed Generation (2011-2014) and 3% Distributed Generation by 2015

Above goals may be physically impossible if Fast Neutron's statements are correct.

Nonetheless, there is a lot of money to be made building the faciltities anyway.

'Solar Tower' Plant Planned

Copyright © 2009 Albuquerque Journal

By John Fleck
Journal Staff Writer

Officials are expected to announce New Mexico's first large-scale solar thermal power plant this week, a southern New Mexico operation capable of generating enough electricity to serve about 45,000 homes.

The plant, which uses mirrors to collect and focus sunlight to generate electricity, would be built near Deming to supply electricity to customers of El Paso Electric, according to documents filed with the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission.

Meanwhile, Albuquerque-based PNM is reconsidering plans for a similar plant, a company official said.

Officials with the companies involved in the southern New Mexico project El Paso Electric, California renewable energy startup eSolar and power wholesaler NRG - would not talk about project details. They have scheduled a news conference for Thursday with Gov. Bill Richardson.

The eSolar plant will use a power tower," an approach to generating electricity from the sun pioneered at Sandia National Laboratories in the 1970s.

This "very important" project would generate enough electricity to serve about 45,000 homes, according to Jason Marks, a member of the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission.

"Solar energy has the potential to be a very significant portion of our energy supply in the Southwest in the future," Marks told the Journal.

The plant will meet El Paso Electric's requirement under New Mexico law to provide a portion of its electricity from renewable sources.

PNM, the state's largest utility, is still trying to find the best way to meet its renewable energy requirements, according to Greg Nelson, who heads the utility's renewable energy efforts.

Last year, PNM joined with four other regional utilities in asking for proposals from vendors to build a solar plant that uses mirrors to collect the sun's energy and generate heat to drive a turbine.

PNM's partners pulled out of the deal, and it is unclear that a scaled back version of the plant would be economically feasible, Nelson said.

PNM is now considering photovoltaic panels, which turn sunlight into electricity, to meet renewable energy requirements, he said. PNM needs to decide by the end of June to meet PRC filing requirements.

Albuquerque Journal Wednesday June 10, 2009

'Solar Tower' Plant Planned

Number 3

Alternate Report First posted Saturday September 6, 2008 07:24 ...
On Tuesday, the commission approved PNM's proposal to bring, .... PNM solar expert Greg Nelson returned phone call on Wednesday April 8, 2009. .... PNM Resources has joined with a national coalition of industry and environmental groups to push .... power plants on the drawing boards of the U.S. energy utilities. ... - Cached - Similar

Tuesday June 9, 2009 15:12

India, where the renewable energy business potentialities grow aplenty comment.

Greening the Economy: Energy Efficiency and Renewables Take the Spotlight comment.

The Coming Economic Collapse, Part 2 comment.

Motivated by below article we took a field trip with digital camera to Mesa del Sol on Monday June 8, 2008.

New construction has essentially stopped.

Advent Solar is building to left.

Unknown and unoccupied building at end of development. Film studio at left.

Leaving Mesa del Sol Heading heading north on University Bvld.

BELLINGHAM - Nobel Prize-winning economist Vernon Smith draws some disturbing parallels between the events that led up to the Great Depression of the 1930s and the severe economic slump of today.

Smith, professor of economics and law at Chapman University, won his Nobel in 2002. He spoke Friday, June 5, before a standing-room-only crowd in Fraser Hall at Western Washington University.

Most people think of the Great Depression as originating in the stock market crash of 1929. But Smith's research indicates that the 1929 crash was itself the result of an earlier collapse in the boom housing market during the Roaring '20s. ...

Examples: Large numbers of adjustable-rate mortgages will reset at higher rates in the next couple of years, putting more households at risk of foreclosure and piling more losses on mortgage lenders. And sharp drops in consumer spending have yet to play themselves out in the commercial real estate markets. Increasing numbers of commercial loans to retailers are likely to go sour in the months ahead.

"That has yet to hit the banking sector," Smith said.

The Unstoppable Second Mortgage Crisis.

No home construction at all on Mesa del Sol.

PNM forecaster Steve Martin alerted us about new construction as the principal factor in increased electric load. See FOIL 1.

We question whether altenergy has the BTUs IN for advertized BTUs OUT.

1 kWh = 3412.14163 BTU.

fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical
Chairman, President and CEO Questar Corporation Keith O. Rattie said on April 2, 2009
Why did my generation fail to develop wind and solar? Because our energy choices are ruthlessly ruled, not by political judgments, but by the immutable laws of thermodynamics. In engineer-speak, turning diffused sources of energy such as photons in sunlight or the kinetic energy in wind requires massive investment to concentrate that energy into a form that's usable on any meaningful scale.
Solar could be another scam?
Eclipse Owes Creditors $1 Billion.

New Mexico PR.

government here, they got good offers elsewhere. They said New Mexico had the work force, the technical skills, the educational system and the business climate they were looking for.

Industry clusters are what Harvard University professor Michael E. Porter, an expert on business competitiveness, describes as a critical mass of companies "of unusual competitive success in particular fields."

They become unusually competitive because, when similar firms cluster, each firm's productivity improves, Porter wrote in the Harvard

·Business Review.

Clustering similar companies in an area gives each one better access to employees and suppliers, which lowers the cost of finding people and parts. Clusters spur innovation. They' allow more efficient use of infrastructure like roads and power grids. They stimulate creation of local suppliers.

Places like New Mexico are so interested in industry clusters because, as Porter put it, ''many new companies grow up within an existing cluster rather than at isolated locations.

Clusters abound in all sorts of industries in all sorts of places.

Manufacturers of cardiovascular equipment have clustered in Minneapolis. Pharmaceutical companies are clustered in eastern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey. Despite state and local efforts to create a light aircraft cluster in Albuquerque, the aviation cluster remains in Wichita.

Clusters also take time.

The first Silicon Valley semiconductor company, Shockley Semiconductor, was founded in 1956 in Mountain View, Calif. Intel was started by former Shockley and Fairchild Semiconductor employees 12 years later.

New Mexico has spent millions of dollars on solar energy technology companies:

· Signet Solar, which is building a plant in Belen, received $38 million in tax incentives.

· The state Invested $11 million in Advent Solar, based at Mesa del Sol.

· Schott Solar received $130 million in government incentives to build a factory, also at Mesa del Sol.

· Solar Array Ventures, slated to build a factory west of Albuquerque, will benefit from a $175 million industrial revenue bond issue and a $15 million revenue bond issue that will pay for water and sewer lines to the plant.

· The state Legislature has appropriated millions of dollars in capital outlay money to build infrastructure to support new solar technology plants.

In return, if things go as planned, Solar Array could employ 1,000 people, Schott could employ 1,400, and Signet could employ 600.

Startup hiccups

Advent Solar has demonstrated that things don't always go as planned.

In three rounds of layoffs starting in September 2007, Advent has let go 150 workers to reach a 39-member work force early this year. The company had hoped to employ 1,000 people by next year.

Christian Ketels of Harvard's Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness said government's use of big tax incentives to lure companies can be "a problematic sign."

"Using tax breaks as a tool to create a concentration of companies from a given sector in a place where they would otherwise not have gone has a high likelihood to fall," Ketels said in an e-mail exchange with the Journal.

The community has to offer companies a chance to be more productive, he said.

That seems to be what the solar companies are finding in New Mexico.

"It was not just about the money," SAVe Chief Executive Officer Joe Hudgins said Thursday in speeches to business leaders in Albuquerque. "We were offered better money elsewhere."

If all New Mexico had to offer was tax incentives, Schott would never have come here, said Gerry Fine, Schott North America president and CEO.

He said Schott looks at lots of factors:

"Are we near the markets we serve? There is no point in building factories 3,000 miles away from the sun.

"Do we have access to a work force that's available and exemplary for doing the job we need done? Are there trained, available people? Are the educational and social infrastructure in the region capable of supporting us in the long term?

"Can we come up with adequate training programs with the university? Is there a steady supply of graduates with advanced degrees or engineering degrees?

"Are we in a location that actually has favorable renewable energy policies? Does it look like a place where we can do business?

"In New Mexico, a big question was could we get the plant erected quickly? Were there construction firms available? Was the city of Albuquerque able to give us a building permit quickly?"

Intel lessons

Fine knew Schott was onto something in New Mexico when he looked at Intel's activities here.

"What I saw was a large semiconductor fab in Rio Rancho employing multiple thousand people. That was proof to me the labor force was capable of doing the job."

Even better, he said, was that Emcore, Advent and Eclipse Aviation "seemed to be having good experiences in Albuquerque. You can be certain we talked either overtly or covertly with people from many of those companies."

The University of New Mexico and Central New Mexico Community College are producing "a stream of employees who are more than qualified to work in our factory. We're seeing workers coming out off places like Intel and even Sandia National Laboratories, all of whom have the kind of skills and technical background we like."

Hudgins said Albuquerque Economic Development made it easy for SAVe to get up and running in Albuquerque, which shortened the company's time to market.

"In other places, it was like' pulling teeth," he said.

There are a lot of hurdles ahead for the solar industry and for New Mexico's cluster development efforts.

Fine said solar manufacturers have to come up with products that compete with conventional energy sources even if government incentives to encourage solar energy use disappear.

The Wall Street Journal recently reported that the global recession has forced European governments to curtail subsidies for solar manufacturers and banks to stop financing some major solar projects. Demand for solar energy products is dropping globally.

Local needs

Mondragon said solar companies need a local supply chain if the industry is to become productive enough to be a cluster.

The cluster could use New Mexico-based manufacturers of silicon material and mirrors.

Mondragon said it isn't likely New Mexico will attract a silicon manufacturer, but glass companies in the Pittsburgh area "are interested in locating here," and Schott has introduced state and local industry recruiters to European suppliers who might become part of a solar cluster in New Mexico.

Outgoing University of New Mexico engineering Dean Joe Cecchi said alternative energy needs help from electric utilities and policymakers to succeed.

Taxes, utility rates or other mechanisms need to capture the environmental and societal costs of carbon so alternatives like solar can compete fairly, he said. Utility infrastructure has to be designed more intelligently to use alternative sources more efficiently.

There are, however, "lots of reasons to be optimistic," Cecchi said. "There is such a pressing need for alternative energy. Sustainable energy broadly is where the semiconductor industry was in the 1970s, meaning barely on the radar screen."

Albuquerque Journal Sunday June 7, 2009

The Obama Fast Track for Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) comment.

Oil's River Card: Iranian Aggression comment.

Global Warming Could Be Double Previous Estimates - MIT comment.

Have We Gained Anything from the Housing Bubble? comment.

Wall Street Breakfast: Must-Know News comment.

Charged Up About Alternative Energy comment 2.

Residential Energy Efficiency: It's the Behavior, Stupid comment.

No Evidence to Support Carbon Dioxide Causing Global Warming! comment.

Wednesday May 27, 2009 10:52

We question whether altenergy has the BTUs IN for advertized BTUs OUT.

1 kWh = 3412.14163 BTU.

fast neutron
Santa Fe, NM
January 12, 2009

From actual experience, wind farms produce 1.2 watts per square meter. Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic methods capture 5 to 6 watts per square meter. There is no economy of size in either technology. Dividing the watts you need by those values gives the land area in square meters needed to produce the juice. The numbers are astronomical
Chairman, President and CEO Questar Corporation Keith O. Rattie said on April 2, 2009
Why did my generation fail to develop wind and solar? Because our energy choices are ruthlessly ruled, not by political judgments, but by the immutable laws of thermodynamics. In engineer-speak, turning diffused sources of energy such as photons in sunlight or the kinetic energy in wind requires massive investment to concentrate that energy into a form that's usable on any meaningful scale.
Solar could be another scam?
Eclipse Owes Creditors $1 Billion.

New Mexico PR.

Albuquerque Shines on Top 10 List

from PAGE Al

the focus was on cities with a reasonable cost of living.

The magazine's ranking this year focused on employment in the face of the recession and the potential for job growth.

Kiplinger's teamed with Kevin Stolarick, research director at the Martin Prosperity Institute in Toronto, a thinktank that studies economic prosperity, to identify cities for the quality of jobs and the potential for job and economic growth when the recession ends.

The formula used to determine rankings included population growth, unemployment rate, income growth and the cost of living. The "creative class was also included in the formula, which reflects the number of creative-class workers living in the area. Creative-class workers include educators, scientists and writers:

Frick said Albuquerque had one of the lowest numbers when it came to creative-class workers, but

"the important thing to us is the creative segment of the population is being courted and is growing."

Frick said the magazine staff looks at the numbers first and then visits six or seven cities they think will be in the top five. Based on reporting and numbers, the list is created.

The list is featured in Kiplinger's July issue on stands June 9. For a virtual walkthrough and explanation of rankings, visit

Albuquerque Journal Wednesday May 27, 2009

Tuesday May 12, 2009 11:14

Eclipse Owes Creditors $1 Billion.

New Mexico PR.


Located at Mesa del Sol, south of the Albuquerque airport, the new plant will be formally dedicated today.

Construction workers still swarmed the site as Lynch gave an Earth Day tour, but inside work was already under way shaking down manufacturing processes and ushering the first solar energy equipment through the plant's high-tech manufacturing processes.

Employment is now up to 300 at the plant and will top off later this month at 330, according to Lynch.

In one building, photovoltaic panels were already rolling off of the assembly line. A robot picked up a partially completed panel. "These robots are pretty complex," explained Zane

Rakes, the plant's manager, as he watched the machine at work.

The solar panels, the type you might put on the roof of your house, turn sunlight directly into electricity.

In the second building, workers are producing long tubes of steel encased in glass. The glistening tubes are destined for utility-scale solar plants, where mirrors will focus the sun on them to generate electricity.

The tubes use Schott's expertise in working with glass to mate the glass and steel into a single unit capable of withstanding the extreme heat of an operating solar plant.

The side-by-side production plants are the first of what Schott officials hope will be a growing production operation on Albuquerque's southwest mesa. The site has room for significant expansion, they say, if the solar market takes off in the United States as they hope it will.

Schott's hope for an expanding U.S. market is predicated in part on an expansion of tax credits, both at the federal level and in New Mexico and elsewhere, to support development of a solar industry.

"It's critically important for our business," Rakes said of the government incentives.

Solar energy provides less than 1 percent of U.S. electricity supplies, but is growing at a rate of 35 percent per year, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

In addition to the incentives to spur on solar energy, local officials also offered subsidies to lure Schott here, including $1.9 million in job training funds from the state and $1 million from the city for infrastructure improvements, including road work.

Schott Solar is an independent company spun off of Schott AG, the privately held German company that specializes in high-tech glass, ranging from kitchenware and TV screens to fiber optics and pharmaceutical packaging. The company already operates plants in the Czech Republic, Germany and Spain, where workers at the new Albuquerque plant have been going to learn the company's production processes.

Construction of the Albuquerque plant has bucked the global economic downturn, in part because of Schott's deep pockets, Lynch explained.

"We're not reliant on investors and venture capital," he said.

BUSINESS OUTLOOK Albuquerque Journal Monday May 11, 2009

Sempra Wants 300MW Plus of Solar in Arizona Desert comment.
Sempra Generation, a subsidiary of Sempra Energy (NYSE: SRE), today announced its intention to construct a new 48-megawatt (MW) expansion of its existing photovoltaic power-generation facility near Boulder City, Nev., about 40 miles southeast of Las Vegas.

The combined 58-MW installation would become the largest operational photovoltaic solar-power facility in North America.

Construction will commence after Sempra Generation contracts to sell the facility's power output. The project could be operational by late 2010.

Sempra Generation has agreed that Tempe, Ariz.-based First Solar will be the engineering, procurement and construction contractor.

Wednesday April 15, 2009 15:55

Solar Array Ventures might be a Eclipse Aviation business ploy?
Solar Array Ventures is currently completing a capital raise in the form of debt and equity financing to fund the construction, start-up, and operation of a 75 MegaWatt manufacturing facility. The combination of an experienced management team, superior product offering, established manufacturing supplier and exposure to a growing market make this a compelling investment opportunity and one of the first opportunities of its kind in the U.S.

Please contact Buddy Rodgers, CFO for additional information regarding this investment opportunity.

HEAT RATEcomputations for solar electric generation is increasing in importance.
What is the HEAT IN to get 75 MegaWatts out?

We wonder how many MegaWatt HOURs?

Here's web publication of below.

Taxpayers May Foot $8M Bill For Waterline

· County OKs bonds to pay for project SunCal agreed to cover

Copyright © 2009 Albuquerque Journal

By Sean Olson
Journal Staff Writer

The Bernalillo County Commission's approval of bonds to pay for a new waterline would put taxpayers on the hook for an $8 million project for which West Side developer SunCal Cos. had already agreed to pay.

Commissioners gave preliminary approval to the bonds Monday.

County officials said the move is necessary because SunCal could not complete the line quickly enough to serve a planned solar panel manufacturing plant by start-up company Solar Array Ventures Inc.

SunCal was responsible for the waterline under a development agreement with the city- county Water Utility Authority in order to get service to its property. The company would have been repaid for waterline expenses through one-time fees the water authority charges to customers when they hook into the system, water authority chief operating officer Roy Robinson said.

Robinson said SunCal had already laid about 1,500 feet of the roughly 2½ miles of waterline needed.

County Manager Thaddeus Lucero said Monday that the county needed to ensure the waterline would be available to complete an incentives package that helped draw Solar Array Ventures to BerrnBerrialilloalillo County.

"In order to get this project done, we had to expedite the waterline," Lucero said.

County commissioners gave first approval for up to $13 million in revenue bonds, which would cover the costs of the waterline and another project to Improve water quality at the county jail. It would be repaid with countywide sales tax revenue.

The commission also gave first approval to a $175 million industrial revenue bond for SAVe and waived $400,000 in impact fees to complete the incentives package. It would be the company's first factory.

SunCal executives were traveling Tuesday and could not be reached for comment.

Commissioner Deanna Archuleta said Gov. Bill Richardson's office on Tuesday afternoon assured the county it would contribute $5 million of the costs, which would cut down on the size of the revenue bond.

Richardson spokesman Gilbert Gallegos said the governor was looking into the possibility of using some money that was approved for a similar water project as an incentive for electric car company Tesla Motors. That company decided to locate elsewhere.

"It's premature to say we promised them any money,~~ Gallegos said.

The commission's bond approval Monday only gives authorization to county staff to negotiate a bond deal. A final bond package would have to be approved by the commission a second time.

Archuleta said SunCal wasn't getting off the hook entirely, as it bought and donated the land where the SAVe factory will be built. SunCal has also already paid for the design of the waterline and will donate rights of way, she said.

"In lieu of paying for the waterline, they are donating the land," she said.

The planned waterline does not extend far enough to serve most of SunCal's industrial needs as is, Lucero said. That means the company will still be responsible for building a second phase of the waterline that would serve any companies it brings in, he said.

Three of the five commissioners - Michael Brasher, Art De La Cruz and Michael Wiener - said Tuesday that they were unaware of Sun-Cal's responsibility to build the waterline when they voted for a first approval of the revenue bond Monday night. De La Cruz said it wouldn't have made a difference for him.

"We can't stop what we do because we are waiting on other people," he said.

Albuquerque Journal Wednesday April 15, 2009

PNM solar expert Greg Nelson returned phone call on Wednesday April 8, 2009.
Did Iran make a mistake by NOT going solar instead of nuclear?

Let's hope PNM can answer this question.

Concept is that solar and wind can replace coal and natural gas as a practical source of electricity generation.

Let's seek reality. Whitman College 1959 classmante Bob Collins [a PE major at Whitman] came up with "concept to reality."

PNM stated in writing [Pat O'Connell] that the laws of thermodynamic do not apply [N/A] to solar and wind generated electricity.

1 kWh = 3412.14163 BTU.

Let's work backward from the output of solar and wind generated electricity to what has, according to the laws of thermodynamic, have to gone in.

HEAT OUT = HEAT IN - some loss. We need to consider HEAT RATE and CAPACITY FACTOR too.

Why Is First Solar So Far Ahead of the Competition? comment.

Even Thin Solar Can't Weather Silicon Glut - Barron's comment.

Want Solar Panels? China Will Pick Up the Tab comment.

President's Budget Campaign Provides Solar Opportunities comment.

Sunday March 29, 2009 19:05

New Mexico has violent wind, dust, hail, rain, and snow storms as well as prarie fires. Cimmaron1 area can be very cold too.

Some PNM employees were critical of solar electricity generation. They pointed out that solar electric output peaked with the sun was highest in the sky while peak load was late on a hot summer afternoon.

We are still not convinced that large-scale solar electrical generation is practical as a result of articles posted to the contrary.

No doubt, however, that a lot of money can be made building such plants.

First Solar (FSLR): Still shining?

First Solar Vulnerable to a Tellurium Shortage?

Albuqueruque Journal Wednesday March 25, 2009

The above article is poste at and

TEMPE, Ariz., Mar 24, 2009 (BUSINESS WIRE)

The agreement, which represents the largest PV contract by an electric cooperative in the U.S., calls for First Solar to engineer, procure and construct (EPC: undefined, undefined, undefined%) a 30 megawatt AC (MW: 14.92, -0.7, -4.48%) ground-mounted PV power plant in northeastern New Mexico.

Wed Feb 11, 2009 9:05pm GMT

Southern California Edison said on Wednesday it signed a series of contracts with BrightSource Energy for the supply of 1,300 megawatts of clean solar thermal power. ...

Solar thermal power plants use the sun's heat to create steam that powers a turbine. They are typically much larger than plants made up of photovoltaic solar panels, which use sunlight to create electricity.

[Megatwatt HOURS is a better measure than peak Megawatts. CAPACITY FACTOR is important for solar and wind.]

Obama's Plan to Double Energy Production comment.

Seven New Developments in Renewable Energy

Cleantech's Solar Conundrum

Environmentalism May Face Major Setback in 2009 comment.

The Amareleja Power Plant project involves photovoltaic (PV) technology that uses semiconductors to convert the sun’s rays into electric power.

Within a year, the plant will have an installed capacity of 46 megawatts (MW). It is expected to be operating at full capacity by the year 2010, when it will produce 64 MW using 2,520 solar trackers supporting 262 modules with 268,000 PV panels producing 93 gigawatts/hour per year, generating sufficient electricity to power 30,000 homes.

Keep in mind that l kilowatt hour = 3412.14163 BTU. So what is the HEAT RATE required to generate the above amount of electric power?

"Gigawatts/hour per year" might be questioned before starting any computations?

The Signet facility will produce silicon photovoltaic modules for commercial rooftop and ground-mounted solar power systems. The first phase of the plant will produce enough to power approximately 20,000 homes, Signet officials said Tuesday.

What Will Make Solar ETFs Shine? comment.
Solar/Eclipse Seeking Alpha comment.

Friday November 28, 2008 09:00

The Long and Winding Solar Road comment.

Wednesday November 26, 2008 07:50

Comment on PNM solar in the Santa Fe New Mexican Wednesday November 25, 2008.
Bothwell also said the company is considering bids on a pair of renewable-energy projects, including a solar-trough project that would serve 16,667 to 30,303 households.

How many kilowatt hours is this?

In 2005, the average monthly residential electricity consumption was 938 kilowatt hours (kWh), according to the Energy Information Administration.

How many BTUs required to produce Bothwell's amount of electricity.

Monday November 24, 2008 09:30

Is this what PNM's Greg Nelson is proposing? What a coincidence.


Copyright © 2008 Albuquerque Journal

By John Fleck
Journal Staff Writer

German high-tech glass industry giant Schott AG is bucking economic trends and is on schedule to open its new solar manufacturing plant at Mesa del Sol south of Albuquerque in spring, creating 350 jobs in the process, company officials said.

Green-vested construction workers gathered last week at the site for a lunch-time barbecue, a thank you from company management for their efforts getting the plant open on time.

The 250,000 square feet of building space being erected at the site includes two adjacent manufacturing plants to make equipment for two different types of devices used to generate electricity from the sun.

Schott has already hired about 100 workers, most of them locals, who have been traveling to Europe to train in the company's existing manufacturing operations, said Zane Rakes, a former Intel manager who came on last summer to head Schott's Albuquerque operations. When the plants are up and running next spring, Schott expects to employ 350 people here, Rakes said. Schott, already a major player in the European solar industry, wanted a plant in the United States to serve the growing sun belt solar energy market, Rakes said. "Albuquerque is the finest large-scale manufacturing center that Schott's going to have in the United States," Rakes said in an interview.

The plant's products will tap into a growing set of tax and other government incentives at the state and federal level intended to encourage the development of renewable energy sources in the United States.

Solar energy currently makes up a tiny share of the U.S. electricity supply, less than 1 percent. But it is one of the fastest growing sources, increasing 35 percent in the last year, according to the federal government's Energy Information Agency. One of the plants will assemble 3-foot-by-5-foot rooftop solar panels that generate electric using traditional photovoltaic technology. The cells turn sunlight directly into electricity. The Schott plant will take smaller silicon cells manufactured at a Schott plant in Germany and assemble them into completed panels ready to be plugged into a power system, Rakes explained.

The plant's finished product, complete with wires on the back to plug it directly into a power system, will then be shipped to vendors who install it on home or commercial rooftops.

The second Schott Albuquerque factory building will build components used in utility-scale power plants, which use solar energy to generate power to be sold to retail consumers.

Called "parabolic trough collectors," the plants use U-shaped mirrors to focus sunlight on a central pipe, heating a fluid that is then pumped through turbines to. generate electricity.

Schott's Albuquerque plant will make the specialized pipes that absorb sunlight that travels down the center of the U-shaped trough, absorbing the solar energy. The company uses a proprietary process to join the inner steel pipe carrying the fluid to an outer layer of high-tech glass. The glass-and-steel pipe has to be able to withstand being heated daily to 750 degrees Fahrenheit, then cooling to ambient temperatures at night, Rakes explained.

In addition to the benefits provided by tax incentives and other renewable energy requirements that are easing the expansion of the solar market, Schott has also benefitted from local government incentives to build the plant here. The state of New Mexico provided $1.9 million in job training funds in June, and the city of Albuquerque earlier this month approved $1 million in infrastructure improvements, including road work, for the company.

Business Outlook Albuquerque Journal Monday November 24, 2008

Seeking alpha solar Wednesday August 27, 2008.
Look's to be differentt technology than what PNM's Greg Nelson is proposing.

Published: August 14, 2008

The plants will cover 12.5 square miles of central California with solar panels, and in the middle of a sunny day will generate about 800 megawatts of power, roughly equal to the size of a large coal-burning power plant or a small nuclear plant. A megawatt is enough power to run a large Wal-Mart store. ...

At 800 megawatts total, the new plants will greatly exceed the scale of previous solar installations. The largest photovoltaic installation in the United States, 14 megawatts, is at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada, using SunPower panels. ...

SunPower’s panels are mounted at a 20-degree angle, facing south, and pivot from west to east over the course of the day to face the sun. OptiSolar’s are installed at a fixed angle. They are larger and less efficient, but also much less costly, so the cost per watt of energy is similar, company executives said. ...

Correction: August 16, 2008 An article on Friday about the planned construction of two large solar power installations in California described incorrectly the operation of the solar panels in one, to be built by SunPower. Its panels pivot from east to west to follow the sun over the course of a day — not west to east.

Perkins Caufield & Byers, and Arch Venture Partners. When DOE officials sought additional venture help to avoid the commercialization "valley of death," other venture firms, such as Khosla Ventures and Matrix Partners, got involved.

In recent years, solar technology has enjoyed compound annual growth rates of 43 percent in generated megawatts (from 286 MW in 2000 to 3.43 GW in 2007), and 30 percent in revenue growth ($3.43 billion in 2000 to $21.2 billion in 2007).

Nanotechnology investment from the private sector began growing as the federal government expanded its National Nanotechnology Initiative, which has been funded to the tune of $io billion since 2000. The Energy Department has facilitated investor interest through the creation of five nanotechnology centers of excellence, covering such areas as micromolecular structures and thin films.

Bruce told EE Times the DOE has turned away from traditional licensing schemes, involving royalties for patents, and instead is promoting arrangements in which equity shares ir private companies are exchanged for technology licensing rights.

Several conference panelists wamed of the potential downsides to investment. Lux Research senior analyst Michael LoCascio said growth will continue in the solar industry but projected a dip in the growth rate in late 2008 or early 2009 as a supply surge erodes prices. This does not indicate softening of interest in solar, he said.

Scott Livingston, founder of the Liv- ingston group investment arm of Axiom Capital, quipped that "$150-a-barrel oil and the collapse of the financial system in this country might be the best thing that's happened to our business."

Joel Serface of Kleiner Perkins helped his firm open an office near National Renewable Energy Labs in Golden, Cob., to work with the DOE entrepreneur program. He said the influx of venture capitalists "brings some lemming-like tendencies, but in general, the expansion in this area is a good thing."

Rockport Capital partner Abe Yokell said the field once struggled to attract good managers, "but lately the semiconductor and biotechnology guys have been looking to move into this space." U

Loring Wirbel is director of EE Times'
Market Intelligence Unit.

Electronic Engineering Times July 28, 2008

While renewable energy investments have been on an upstroke since the late 1990s, in recent years solar in particular has enjoyed CAGR rates of 43 percent in generated megawatts (from 286 MW in 2000 to 3.43 GW in 2007), and 30 percent in revenue growth ($3.41 billion in 2000 to $21.2 billion in 2007).

Wednesday November 25, 2008 07:41

Wirbel link change to A short and deadly history of how we got to where we are.

Thursday July 31, 2008 07:53

EETimes looks as if it is having serious financial problems.


Look what the personnel are trying to do about it.

EETimes writer Loring Wirbel is reponsible for getting our legal project off the ground.

If you scroll up the linked page, then you will discover that Wirbel got some help from Scott Shane and Tom Bowman of the Baltimore Sun who, in turn, got some help from Hans Buehler ... with a slight assist from bill.

Electronic Engineering Times July 21, 2008

Here's where the "about $4.25 in 2008 to $2.50 per watt by 2020" cited above comes from
Still, experts here agreed that for large alternative energy projects, solar thermal for now appears to be the best approach. According to estimates compiled by the Prometheus Institute for Sustainable Development, solar thermal power-generating costs could drop from about $4.25 per watt in 2008 to $2.5 per watt by 2020.

and your July 21, 2008 article in view 13-27 cents cited below.

PNM Electric Integrated Resource Plan, January 31, 2008 presented

which states about $3.99 per watt.

Solar thermal developers also say that their power is more valuable than that provided by wind, currently the fastest-growing form of renewable energy. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, wind power costs about 8 cents per kilowatt, while solar thermal power costs 13 to 17 cents. But power from wind farms fluctuates with every gust and lull; solar thermal plants, on the other hand, capture solar energy as heat, which is much easier to store than electricity. Utilities can dispatch this stored solar energy when they need it--whether or not the sun happens to be shining. "That's going to be worth a lot of money," says Terry Murphy, president and chief executive officer of SolarReserve, a Santa Monica, CA, developer of solar thermal technology. "People are coming to realize that power shifting and 'dispatchability' are key to the utility's requirements to try to balance their system."

Looking into Solar Thermal power systems.

What are the steam cycle parameters?
What is the overall thermal efficiency?
What is the cooling medium for your condensers?
How much water will the plant consume per unit of power?
Are the mirrors steered so that they track the sun?
What is the installation cost per unit of energy produced each year?

Greg Nelson apparently is working on the solar rfp for pnm.

See Abengoa below for Nelson's comments.

Seeking Alpha solar viz.

4 Utilities Seek N.M. Solar Plant

Giant Facility Could Serve 52,000 Homes

By Michael G. Murphy
Journal Business Editor

New Mexico's four largest electric utilities on Monday issued a request for proposals for a large-scale solar generating plant that could provide electricity for up to 52,000 homes.

Public Service Company of New Mexico, El Paso Electric, Xcel Energy and Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association jointly issued the request, seeking detailed plans from solar developers for construction of a solar parabolic trough generation plant to feed power to each of the utilities by 2012.

In a small-population state like New Mexico, it makes sense for utilities to join forces on such a project to seek economies of scale and to meet alternative energy mandates from regulators, PNM spokesman Jeff Buell told the Journal late Monday.

"The four of us directly or indirectly provide electricity to almost every customer in the state," Pat Vincent, PNM Utilities president, said in a statement.

El Paso Electric spokesman Henry Quintana said it is not unusual to work together with other utilities on shared power projects, noting that El Paso and PNM both went into the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station together.

"This (the solar plant) is just a project all four of us were interested in," he said.

RFP requirements include:

· Locating the plant in New Mexico.
· Using parabolic trough technology.
· Encouraging thermal, energy storage.
· Being able to deliver between 211,000 and 375,000 megawatt-hours per year (enough to power between 29,000 and 52,000 average New Mexico homes).

"Each of the utilities has shown tremendous leadership by coming together as partners for renewable energy," Vincent said.

None of the utilities had an idea what such a plant might cost, but each utility would financially support it through some sort of purchased power agreements for the electricity generated. "All the costs would be rolled into that," Buell said.

The cost of the plant eventually would go into customer rates pending regulatory approval, he said.

The RFP follows a feasibility study performed by the Electric Power Research Institute last year that found that the most feasible solar technology currently available for a large-scale plant here is parabolic trough.

It utilizes a series of trough-shaped mirrors to focus sunlight onto an oil-filled tube, and then uses the hot oil to generate steam. The steam is used to turn a generator, producing electricity. When combined with thermal energy storage, this solar technology is capable of generating electricity at night, as well as during cloudy periods, the utilities said in a joint news release.

The parabolic trough technology technology looks the most promising and most economically feasible, in part because it has been field tested the most, Buell said.

The study also mentioned that potential locations could be near Albuquerque or Lordsburg in southwest New Mexico, although no more specific information on potential sites was available, Tri-State spokesman Jim Van Someren said.

If the RFP process is successful, the utilities plan to have a contract negotiated by the end of 2008, and the solar facility could be generating electricity by 2011.

Tri-State, which is the primary electric provider for most electric cooperatives in New Mexico, said partnering with the other companies was the best way to meet renewable mandates but also because "our board has made a commitment to balanced (energy) resource planning and development. Solar in certain parts of our service territory holds a lot of promise," Van Someren said.

Buell added, "We are very hopeful we can find a project that works technologically and economically."

El Paso Electric primarily serves southern New Mexico, including the Las Cruces area. Xcel serves the Clovis area and other portions of eastern New Mexico, and Tri-State handles most of the co-ops in central, western and northern New Mexico.

PNM has 487,000 electric customers, mostly in the Albuquerque and Santa Fe areas.

Albuquerque Journal Tuesday July 1, 2008

Gerald Ortiz of PNM energy efficiency talked before Nelson.

PNM has a mandate to push efficiencies by New Mexico government.

Sunset magazine presented the corp msm liberal-art written article.

No mention of halting new construction ... for business reasons, of course.

And, of course too, keep in mind the the new appliances aren't build very well maybe designed to fail shortly after warranty expires.

Hey, they have microcontrollers in them!

Greg Nelson spoke about solar power at the Friday February 22, 2008 PNM electric irp held in Albuquerque.

Here are Nelson's foils

Nelson appeared to make a point that there are lots of solar vendors trying to sell systems to utilities which will never happen.

Nelson made the comment that Abengoa was a good company.

Nelson bought up solar with 6 hours of storage time.

The "winter 90% of summer peak, 10 PM" note were from Ms Bothwell's comments during Nelson's solar presentation.

Apparently the winter electric load peak is about 10 PM while the summer peak is about 5 PM, we learned from Bothwell.

Solar only produces from about 11 am to 3 pm in the winter, participants reported.

Click on link below for New Mexico corruption.

Plant Planned In Ariz. Station

Would Be One of Largest Ever

The Associated Press

PHOENIX - A Spanish company is planning to take 3 square miles of desert southwest of Phoenix and turn them into one of the largest solar power plants in the world.

Abengoa Solar, which has plants in Spain, northern Africa and other parts of the U.S., could begin construction as early as next year on the 280-megawatt plant in Gila Bend a small, dusty town 50 miles southeast of Phoenix. The company said Thursday it could be producing solar energy by 2011.

Abengoa would build, own and operate the $1 billion plant, named the Solana Generating Station.

Arizona Public Service, the state's largest utility, would pay Abengoa $4 billion over 30 years for the energy produced, estimated to be enough to supply up to 70,000 homes at full capacity.

APS filed for approval of the plant with Arizona's public utilities regulator Thursday. The plant also hinges on an. extension of the federal solar investment tax credit, which APS and Abengoa said they're confident will happen.

If the Arizona plant is approved, it would triple the amount of renewable energy APS produces. Now, about 1 1/2 percent of the utility's energy comes from renewable sources.

A 3,200-acre solar plant is also being proposed on state land near Deming, though Franklin Sharf, president of New Solar Ventures, has told the Journal he could not speculate when ground would be broken. The company disassociated itself from its financier in 2006, after a Journal investigation found the financiers manager had a history of unpaid debts, tax liens and a fraud conviction.

PNM Resources spokesman Jeff Buell said Friday that the company has finalized a feasibility report on constructing a concentrated solar energy plant, between 50 megawatts and 500 megawatts in size, somewhere in New Mexico.

Albuquerque Journal Saturday February 23, 2008

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