Electricity generation primer
for
Al Zelicoff

First posted
Tuesday April 27, 2010 05:53
Updated
Saturday May 8, 2010 17:11

Al Zelicoff and bill were in the same division at Sandia Labs for a short while in about 1992.

Zelicoff delivered a Ricin lecture during that time.

Al has requested a response.





Okay.

No response from Roxanne Rivera-Wiest And Bob Pelletier of Association of Builders and Contractors, New Mexico chapter caused this page.



Then this page to expand.

Heat and energy.


Sunday May 2, 2010 15:17

Explosions in the Upper Big Branch coal mine on Monday April 5 and on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig on April 21, 2010 should focus attention on heat contained in fossil fuel. But perhaps not?

1 pound of coal contains 8,100 to 13,000 BTU.

1 gallon of crude oil = 138,095 BTU.
1 barrel of crude oil = 5,800,000 BTU. 42 gallons/barrel.

So the purpose of this primer is to focus attention on heat and its relation to generation of electricity.

Heat is measured in calories or British Thermal Units [BTU].

1 btu = 252.164401 calories.

Heat is also related to energy which is measured in Joules.

1 btu = 1 055.05585 joules.

A Kilowatt hour is also related to heat. 1 BTU = 0.000293071070172222 kWh.



Click on 1/x to get


3412.14163 BTU is an extremely important number for the reason electricity can be converted into heat.

Advertised BTU [BTU/hr] on portable electric heaters are computed by multiplying the watts on the nameplate by the heater by this number.



120 * 12.5 = 1500 watts.

1,500 watts is 1.5 kW. 1.5 * 3412.14163 = 5118 BTU.



Patton must have used 3413 * 1.5 = 5119.5 BTU.

Second law of thermodynamics simply states that more heat has to go 'in' than comes 'out.'

Thus we would suspect that more than 3413 BTUs should have go 'in' for 1 kWh of electricity 'out.'

This is confirmed by values in the heatrate column highlighted by the red star


being more than twice 3412.14163.

But there may be an exception to the second law of thermodynamic for solar and wind generation of electricity.


'N/A' stands for 'Not Applicable we were told at a PNM electric Integrated Resource Planning session held Wednesday January 16, 2008 at the PNM service center in Santa Fe, NM.

Our electricity and gas consumption was


And from The about table about 8,990 * 574 = 5,160,260 BTU IN was required to produce this electricity.

New Mexico coal contains roughly 9,000 BTU/pound. So about 573.362222.. pounds of coals was required to the 574 kWh we used.

Electricity consumed per month per home in New Mexico was 632 kWh at $.1001 / kWh in 2008 the U.S. Energy Information Administration reported.

632 * 8,990 = 5,681,680 BTU. 5,681,680 / 9000 = 631.297... pounds of coal.











DATA SOURCES


New Mexico Building Permits.

Rates are increasing.

Sources of increased electricity consumption.




Clothes dryer (the single largest energy waster in the average New Mexico home) identified in Al Zelicoff energy tips Albuquerque Journal Tuesday April 20, 2010 page C1.




Source:Bureau of Business & Economic Research, UNM / bber@unm.edu Last Revised: 4/9/10

Is large-scale solar generation of electricity practical?


Albuquerque Journal Business Outlook Monday April 19, 2010

1 SOLAR PLANS SLAMMED By Michael Hartranft Copyright © 2010 Albuquerque Journal Journal Staff Writer
PNM's plan to invest tens of million of dollars a year in new solar generation and solar programs will be too costly for consu... MORE

2 PNM solar plans bust budget By Peter J. Gould
On Jan. 25, PNM announced, with great fanfare, its plans to build a large solar generation site in Albuquerque. On the same day, PNM filed a proposed stipulation at the New Mexico Public Regulation C... MORE of New Mexico Industrial Energy Consumers.

Hartranft writes, "That's a steep price for a relative small amount of electricity that PNM currently doesn't need, Assistant Attorney General Jeff Taylor told the Journal.

"With the economy being what is it, businesses shutting down, people having all kind of problems, I don't see why the company should be coming and doing this," he said. "We just had a 5 percent increase ion April 1, and they're going to come in with a rate increase June 1, which I'm sure is going to ask several times this."



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